off the cuff - The Squid Game Phenomenon

off the cuff: An English learning podcast – The Squid Game Phenomenon

Everyone is talking about it so we are too. This month on off the cuff: An English learning podcast – The Squid Game Phenomenon is what we are talking about. Why is it internationally popular? Listen to our podcast and check the vocabulary below. Enjoy!

Vocabulary, expressions and phrasal verbs to listen for.  

Vocabulary minute 0:00 – 3:30

On everybody’s tongues

  • If something is on your tongue, it means you are talking about it.
  • When Claire says, what’s on everyone’s tongue, she means what is everyone talking about.
    • The new COVID restrictions are on everyone’s tongues these days.

Fancy that

  • this expression is used to comment on something that is hard to imagine.
  • In American English, the expression ‘Imagine that’ is more commonly used in the same situation.
    • Her parents bought her a new car for her birthday. Fancy that!

Snippets

  • snippet is used to talk about a small and interesting piece of news or information.
    • I listened to a snippet of the off the cuff podcast and I wanted to hear more.

Smashed the record

  • to defeat or destroy something (the record, in this case) completely.
    • Adele smashes all sorts of records every time she releases a new album.

Talk about polar opposites

  • When we use the phrase ‘talk about’ we use it to emphasize something in an obvious way.
    • I read that book last year. Talk about boring!
  • Polar opposites means that two things are complete opposites.
    • My daughter is very serious and organized whereas my son is always losing things and making jokes. Talk about polar opposites.

Viewers

  • The people who watch something, especially a TV show or series.
    • In the middle of October this year, over 111 million viewers watched Squid Game.

Metrics

  • A set of numbers that give information about a process, activity or event.
    • The metric that Netflix uses to count viewers is called ‘chose to watch’ and counts anyone who watches a show, even if it’s only for a few minutes.

AVS

  • Adjusted View Share. This is a Netflix metrics that they use to determine the value each of the viewers hold.
    • Squid Game rated over 9 out of 10 on their own metrics, AVS.
  • Click here to read more about the AVS for Squid Game.

Enlighten me

  • To provide someone with information or facts about something.
  • Clare in this case was saying it a bit sarcastically since Annie is only giving her personal opinion.
    • I don’t understand why you think you need to do this. Enlighten me.

Sink in/into

  • To allow something to gradually make sense or realize the effect something will have on you.
    • I can’t believe he’s gone. It still hasn’t sunk in yet.  

Vocabulary minute 3:30 – 5:00

To be put under pressure

  • The act of someone making or convincing you to do something by arguing or persuading you.
    • Teachers are increasingly put under a lot of pressure to pass their students even if they are not performing well.

To be in debt

  • To owe someone or several people money.
    • It is very common in the US to be in debt since many people live above their means.

Gambler

  • Someone who risks money in the hopes of winning more money.
    • In the show Squid Game, lots of the players were gamblers and had a lot of debt to pay off.

Afford

  • To be able to buy something because you have enough money to do it.
    • I can’t afford to buy a new phone this year.
  • Sometimes this can also be emotional. If someone can emotionally afford to do something it means that they are emotionally capable of doing it.
    • I can’t afford to lose her. She is so important to me.

Desperation point

  • The moment that someone feels that they are in such a bad situation that they are willing to take risks to change it.
    • The players in Squid Game where at such a point of desperation that they were willing to risk their own lives and those of others to change their current situation.

Subtle way

  • To do something in a way that is quiet and clever way as to not attract too much attention.
    • Clare suggested in off the cuff that using children’s games was a subtle way for the director to attract children and younger viewers to watch.

Flabbergast

  • To be shocked by something.
    • Annie was flabbergasted to hear that children were watching Squid Game since she believed the message of the show to be too mature for such young viewers.

To consume (the episode)

  • to consume is usually used in this way with food or drink, but Annie is using it to suggest she is taking in the episode and trying to understand it.
    • I consumed the whole series in just two days and am now trying to understand everything that happened.  

To deal with something

  • To take of something. I can’t talk right now.
    • I’m dealing with a bit of a tough situation at work right now.

 Vocabulary minute 5:00 – end

Quentin Tarantino

  • An American writer-director of movies such as Pulp Fiction, Django Unchained and other movies known for being violent.
    • Quentin Tarantino is one of my favorite directors because he films are unique.
    • Learn more about Quentin Tarantino here.

You know what I mean?

  • This is a common expression used to ask someone if they understand or agree with you.
    • I’m so tired of talking about COVID all day long. You know what I mean?

Wrap my head around something

  • To understand something that is difficult to comprehend.
    • I’m still trying to wrap my head around the idea that my sister is dating my ex-husband.

Stickiness

  • A way streaming serves talk about how well a show ‘sticks’ or remains interesting to someone. If everyone watches a series to the end, then it’s stickiness is good.
    • This TV series has a high stickiness rating on Netflix because people usually watch the entire series.

To stick something out

  • To stay with something until the end. I had to leave that job.
    • There was no way I could stick it out until the end of the year there.

Revenue

  • The income that a company receives.
    • We had very little revenue this year as the supply chain really had an effect on our productivity.

The Crown

  • A TV series on Netflix that follows the life of the Royal family in England.
    • I tried to watch The Crown but didn’t make it through an episode as I found it quite boring.
  • Learn more about The Crown here.

To lose out

  • To not have the same advantage as others.
    • He really lost out on an opportunity to work in a prestigious firm.

To take off

  • To start to be successful or popular.
    • Although there wasn’t much attention around Disney+ in Spain in the first months, it has really taken off now.

To overcome

  • To succeed in dealing with a difficult situation.
    • The children really learned to overcome their difficult upbringing and are all now raising families of their own.

Mind-opening

  • Something that makes you see things in a different way.
    • Having friends that are different from you from a very early age can be very mind-opening.

Spoilers

  • Information about the end of a tv show or movie that may ‘spoil’ the enjoyment for you.
    • Spoiler alert! If you haven’t seen the ending of Squid Game, stop reading.

To turn against someone

  • To go from supporting someone or something to opposing them.
    • A lot of fans turned against him when he left the team to make more money.

To hit (the next big thing to hit)

  • To become popular. The next TV series to become a success.
    • I can’t wait to see what the next big thing to hit this Christmas season is at the movie theatre.  

Watch this spot

  • Pay attention to this topic because something is going to happen.
    • To learn more English and keep up with your phrasal verbs, watch this spot!

Now that you’ve listened to off the cuff: An English learning podcast – The Squid Game Phenomenon, listen to our other podcasts below.
off the cuff: An English learning podcast – Phrasal verbs
off the cuff: An English learning podcast – The rat race

Gerundios vs infinitivos en inglés en menos de 5 minutos

Usar gerundio o infinitivo en inglés en menos de 5 minutos

¿Sabes cuándo usar el gerundio o infinitivo en inglés? En este post te enseñamos usar gerundio o infinitivo en inglés en menos de 5 minutos.

Aquí te enseñamos un truco para recordarlo .

El truco

  • Memoriza cuando usar los gerundios y en los demás usa infinitivos.
  • Es fácil porque usamos los gerundios mucho menos que los infinitivos.

Las 3 reglas de cuando usar los gerundios.

#1 – Usa el gerundio en lugar del sujeto

Reading is a great way to improve your English. Leer es una buena manera de mejorar tu inglés.
Becoming a millionaire is a common dream for many young people today. Convertirse en millonario es un sueño común de muchos jóvenes hoy en día.

#2 – Usa siempre el gerundio después de preposiciones.

I’m interested in learning how to play the banjo. Estoy interesado en aprender a tocar el banjo.
I’m so tired of working long hours every day.  Estoy muy cansado de trabajar muchas horas al día.

#3 – Usa el gerundio como objeto después de ciertos verbos

I recommend practicing your gerunds and infinitives. Recomiendo practicar los gerundios e infinitivos.
She denied causing the accident. Ella negó causar el accidente.

Verbos comunes seguidos por gerundios.

  • Intentar memorizar el listado en grupos y así es más fácil.
admit
anticipate
appreciate
avoid  


complete
consider
delay
deny discuss
enjoy
fancy
finish
imagine
involve  

keep
mention
mind
miss
postpone
practice    


recall
recommend
report
resist
risk


suggest
tolerate
understand

Verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitivo sin mucho cambio de significado.

¡FIJATE!

bear
begin
cease
continue
hate
like
love
neglect
prefer
propose
stand
start

Verbos seguidos de gerundio o infinitivo que cambian de significado

FIJATE:

forget
go
on
mean
regret
remember
stop
try
like

Ya que has aprendido usar gerundio o infinitivo en inglés en menos de 5 minutos, puedes ir a los de más grammar videos pinchando a los enlaces abajo.
Uncountable nouns en menos de 5 minutos
Como usar At, ON y IN en menos de 5 minutos

Si estas interesad@ en aprender inglés con l@s profesores de Bloglish, pinchar aquí para ver todo lo que ofrecemos en la escuela de idiomas de la Camara de Comercio de Álava o ponerte en contacto con nosotros aquí.

Verbs that change meaning when followed by a gerund or infinitive

Verbos en inglés seguidos de gerundio o infinitivo que cambian de significado

Es difícil recordar cuando usar gerundios o infinitivos después de los verbos en inglés. Hoy te enseñamos Verbos en inglés seguidos de gerundio o infinitivo que cambian de significado.

Cambios de significado

Try

  • con el gerundio, significa probar o experimentar, por ejemplo:
If you have a headache, try taking an aspirin or going for a walk. Si tienes dolor de cabeza, intenta probar a tomar una aspirina o ir a dar un paseo.
Although it can be difficult to do, try learning 3 phrasal verbs daily. Aunque puede ser dificil, intenta aprender 3 phrasal verbs al día.
  • con el infinitivo significa hacer un esfuerzo o intentar algo
He tried to touch the ceiling but couldn’t reach it Intentó tocar el techo pero no pudo alcanzarlo.
They tried to stop the speeding car but to no avail. Ellos intentaron parar el coche que iba a toda velocidad pero fue en vano.

STOP

  • Con el gerundio significa dejar de hacer una acción.
When he was 30, he stopped smoking. Cuando tenía 30 años, el dejó de fumar.
She never stops talking and it’s so difficult to get a word in. Ella nunca deja de hablar y es difícil intervenir.
  • Con el infinitivo significa cambiar de acción.
He spotted his boss in the office and decided to stop to talk to him about the project. Vio a su jefe en la oficina y decidió pararse a hablar con él sobre el proyecto.
She was working so hard she needed to stop to rest. Ella estaba trabajando tanto que necesitaba parar para descansar.

MEAN

  • Con el gerundio significa implicar o consistir en.
Learning English means studying lots and lots of phrasal verbs. Aprender inglés significa estudiar montones y montones de phrasal verbs.
If you want to take part in the marathon next year, it will mean training seven days a week. Si quieres participar en el maratón del año que viene, tendrás que entrenar siete días a la semana.
  • Con el infinitivo significa tener la intención de hacer algo
I meant to ring you yesterday, but I completely forgot. Tenía la intención de llamarte ayer, pero lo olvidé por completo.
Sorry, what I meant to say was that that dress really suits you. Perdón, lo que quería decir es que ese vestido te sienta muy bien.

FORGET

  • Con el gerundio significa que la persona no se acuerda de lo que ha hecho.
Janice forgot meeting Mr Smith at the meeting in January, but he hadn’t. Janice se olvidó de que había conocido al Sr. Smith en la reunión de enero, pero él no .
The door is locked but Tom forgot locking it when I asked him about it. La puerta está cerrada, pero Tom olvidó haberla cerrado cuando le pregunté sobre ello.
  • Con el infinitivo significa que la persona no hizo la acción.
She often forgets to lock the door when she leaves the house. A menudo se olvida de cerrar la puerta cuando sale de casa.
He completely forgot to post the letter. Se olvidó por completo de enviar la carta.

REMEMBER

  • Con el gerundio significa que la persona habla de un recuerdo que tiene
I remember so well seeing that film when I was a child Recuerdo tan bien haber visto esa película cuando era un niño
She says she remembers posting the letter but can’t remember exactly when she did it. Dice que recuerda haber enviado la carta, pero que no recuerda exactamente cuándo lo hizo.
  • Con el infinitivo significa que la persona no se olvidó de hacer una acción.
I remembered to send her a birthday card this year. Me acordé de enviarle una tarjeta de cumpleaños este año.
They remembered to remind students to take their notes with them Se acordaron de recordar a los alumnos que debían llevar sus apuntes

REGRET

  • Con el gerundio se refiere a un arrepentimiento del pasado
I regret telling him my secret Me arrepiento de haberle contado mi secreto
She will never regret marrying him. Nunca se arrepentirá de haberse casado con él.
  • Con el infinitivo refiere a un lamento presente o futuro
We regret to inform you that your application has been unsuccessful. Lamentamos informarle de que su solicitud no ha sido aceptada.
He regrets to tell you the bad news. Él lamenta darte la mala noticia.

GO ON

  • Con el gerundio significa continuar
He went on talking for hours about the film. Siguió hablando durante horas sobre la película.
They went on writing even though the exam had finished. Siguieron escribiendo a pesar de que el examen había terminado.
  • Con el infinitivo significa cambiar de actividad
After university he went on to become a famous lawyer Después de la universidad se convirtió en un famoso abogado
She went on to study acting after giving up her job. Tras dejar su trabajo, estudió interpretación.

Ya que hayas revisado Verbos en inglés seguidos de gerundio o infinitivo que cambian de significado, puedes probar el ejercicio abajo y después revisar otros posts.
Pincha aquí para ver Vocab Rehab: Verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitivo en inglés que no cambian el significado.

Ejercicio

  1. Tom remembers _____ (buy) bread at the supermarket because he always takes a list.
  2. Joseph stopped _____ (play) the guitar at six because it was time for dinner.
  3. Mary certainly didn’t forget ___________ (ask) him the question because he’s already given me his answer.
  4. She  stopped _____ (make) a telephone call before she continued with her work. 
  5. What’s the worst thing you regret _____ (do) in your life?
  6. Have you ever forgotten _____ (get) a present for your best friend on their birthday?
  7. Adrian stopped _____ (drink) years ago because of a serious liver problem.
  8. I regret _____ (tell) you that we are going out of business next year.
  9. I remember ______ (play) basketball when I was in high school. Unfortunately, I didn’t play much during the games.
  10. I don’t think I’ll ever regret _____ (fall) in love with my partner. We’ve been married for over thirty years!
  11. Alison went on ______ (become) a famous actor.
  12. Why does he go on ________(speak) even though nobody is listening.

Answers: to buy; 2. playing; 3. to ask; 4. to make; 5. doing; 6. to get; 7. drinking; 8. to tell; 9. playing; 10. falling; 11. to become; 12. speaking

Pinchar aquí para ver nuestros cursos de inglés presencial y on-line.

verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitvo en inglés

Verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitivo en inglés

Comprendemos que es muy difícil saber cuándo usar los gerundios o los infinitivos en inglés. Por eso hemos creado una seria de posts para poder explicarlo. En este vamos a hablar de las frases que no cambian el significado o cambian de una forma muy ligera al utilizar los verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitivo en inglés (Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives)

HATE, LIKE, LOVE, PREFER

  • Con los verbos: hate (odiar), like (querer/gustar), love (amar/querer) y prefer (preferir) existe poca diferencia entre utilizar tras ellos gerundio o infinitivo.
  • SIn embargo, cuando usamos los verbos en gerundio, el énfasis está en la acción.
He loves making pizza at home A él le encanta preparar pizza casera.
I hate sleeping on a soft mattress. Odio dormir en un colchón blando.
They like watching TV series. A ellos les gusta ver Ias series de television.
She prefers buying her clothes in a store than
online.
Ella prefiere comprar su ropa en las tiendas que
online.  
  •  En contraste, cuando usamos los verbos en infinitivo, indicamos más una preferencia o hábito.
    • Así que en el siguiente ejemplo abajo, queremos decir que a él le gusta el hábito de preparar pizza casera, de dormir en colchón blando, de ver las series y de comprar la ropa en tiendas.
He loves to make pizza at home. A él le encanta preparar pizza casera
I hate to sleep on a soft mattress. Odio dormir en un colchón blando.
They like to watch TV series. A ellos les gusta ver Ias series de television.
She prefers to buy her clothes in a store than
online.
Ella prefiere comprar su ropa en las tiendas que
online.

Los demás verbos

Bear

  • Casi siempre usamos bear en el negativo.
He can’t bear living in a big city. No aguanta vivir en una ciudad grande.
He can’t bear to live in a big city No aguanta vivir en una ciudad grande.
  • En el caso del gerundio, da la impresión que él ya está viviendo en una ciudad grande y no le gusta.
  • En contraste, con el infinitivo, da la impresión de que no viviría nunca en una ciudad grande porque no lo aguantaría.

Begin

She began dancing when she was 3. Empezó a bailar cuando tenía 3 años.
She began to dance when she was 3. Empezó a bailar cuando tenía 3 años.
  • En ambos ejemplos se hace referencia a que empezó a bailar en el pasado.
  • Con el infinitivo, se enfatiza un poco más el inicio de la acción
  • El gerundio después de began es menos formal.  

Cease

  • Cease es una forma muy formal de decir stop.
  • Es más frecuente escuchar a alguien usarlo en negativo y con el infinitivo.
  • Aunque la forma con gerundio es gramáticamente correcto, es menos utilizado.
  • El gerundio y el infinitivo después de cease tienen los mismos significados.
He never ceases to impress me. Nunca deja de impresionarme.
He never ceases impressing me. Nunca deja de impresionarme.
  • Muchas veces utilizaremos la frase arriba o alguna frase más con cease de una forma sarcástica para decir que alguien ha dicho o ha hecho algo absurdo. (se anota la diferencia por el cambio de voz)

Continue

  • En el caso de continue, no hay ningún cambio.
They continue to live in the suburbs. Siguen viviendo en las afueras de la ciudad.
They continue living in the suburbs. Siguen viviendo en las afueras de la ciudad.
  • Fíjate que suburbs es un false friend. Suburbs en inglés son las afueras mientras suburbios en castellano quiere decir un barrio pobre o mal cuidado.

Neglect

  • El verbo neglect tiene el mismo sentido cuando le sigue un gerundio o un infinitivo. 
The students neglected doing their homework. Los alumnos descuidaron sus tareas.
The students neglected to do their homework. Los alumnos descuidaron sus tareas.
  • Fíjate que tarea en ingles no es contable pero en castellano si. Pinchar aquí para aprender más).

Propose

She proposed going to the movie theatre after
dinner.
Ella sugirió/propuso ir al cine después de cenar.
She proposed to go to the movie theatre after
dinner.
Ella sugirió/propuso ir al cine después de cenar.
  • En este caso, el significado es idéntico, aunque el uso del gerundio es menos formal y más común.
  • Con el infinitivo, muchas veces lo usamos sin tu. Por ejemplo:
I propose we go to the movie theatre. Propongo que vayamos al cine.
We propose you go to the movie theatre. Proponemos que vayáis al cine.

Stand

  • Como es el caso con bear, stand se utiliza en negativo.
  • Y como es el caso con propose, la forma de gerundio es mucho más utilizada y menos formal que la forma infinitivo.
I can’t stand smelling fish.No aguanto oler el pescado. 
I can’t stand to smell fish.No aguanto oler el pescado.
  • El sentido cambia ligeramente.
    • Con el gerundio, parece ser que ya estás oliéndolo en ese momento.
    • En contraste, con el infinitivo, es una declaración e implica que no lo vas a hacer.

Start

We start decorating our house for Christmas in December.Empezamos a decorar nuestra casa para Navidad en diciembre.
We start to decorate our house for Christmas in December.Empezamos a decorar nuestra casa para Navidad en diciembre.
  • Ambas oraciones tienen el mismo sentido.

¡Fijaros!

En EEUU, es mucho más común escuchar la forma de gerundio después de estos verbos, tal vez porque el lenguaje suele ser menos formal en general. Aunque con bear y cease es más común escuchar el infinitivo después son palabras más formales en sí mismas.

Ya que has visto los verbos seguidos por gerundio o infinitivo en inglés, puedes ver otros Vocab Rehab que tenemos en bloglish.
Pinchar aquí para Vocab Rehab: No Contables a Contables
Pinchar aquí para Vocab Rehab: Synonyms for scary

Para ver los cursos de inglés en la escuela de idiomas de la Cámara de Comericio de Álava.inchar aquí para ver los cursos de inglés en

Business Skills 4 U

Ser un buen orador mejora tu reputación, tu autoconfianza y abre muchas puertas en un mundo tan global. En este curso, Business Skills 4 U, te ayudaremos a mejorar tu fluidez.

¿POR QUÉ UN CURSO DE BUSINESS ENGLISH?

Te damos las herramientas para enfrentarte a diversas situaciones en el mundo laboral de hoy en día.

  • Hacer una presentación comercial o de empresa ante un auditoria (feria, reunión con clientes …)
  • Dar una charla o conferencia.
  • Vender tu producto o servicio.
  • Negociar
  • Asistir a reuniones interculturales

SESIONES

  • 4 horas/sesión 16:30 – 20:30 horas
  • 4 semanas 5,12,19,26 Noviembre 2021 (o deseñado para las fechas más apropriadas para tu empresa)
  • Presencial o In Company

PROGRAMA DE BUSINESS SKILLS 4 U

Sesión  1: Presentation skills

  • Conocer las herramientas para informar, inspirar y entretener a tu público.
  • Enganchar el público desde el principio.
  • Cuidar el lenguaje corporal.
  • Utilizar ayuda visual con eficacia.

Sesión 2: Negotiation skills

  • Las fases de una buena negociación
  • Los distintos estilos de negociar
  • El lenguaje de una negociación
  • Las técnicas de persuasion

Semana 3: Meeting skills

  • Tener la capacidad de seguir la estructura y protocolo de una reunión de negocios en ingles
  • Ser capaz de escuchar y entender mensajes de una variedad de participantes en una reunión intercultural
  • Aprender ser culturalmente sensible a la hora de presidir o participar en una reunión multicultural

Semana 4: Consolidation day

  • Consolidar por medio de role-play los 3 skills adquiridos durante las últimas 3 semanas.
  • Dar una charla, presentación relacionada con tu trabajo tomando en cuenta las pautas
  • Tener feedback constructivo sobre los trabajos realizados y asesoramiento sobre áreas por mejorar.

Para saber más sobre el curso Business Skills 4 U, contáctanos
Para aprender más sobre la Escuela de idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Álava, pincha aquí.

off the cuff: An English learning podcast: Phrasal verbs

off the cuff: An English learning podcast: Phrasal verbs

In episode 13 of off the cuff: An English Learning Podcast: Phrasal Verbs, we are using just that!!! Phrasal verbs! We start off with our typical off the cuff style of improvisation but then we mix things up to use a total of 27 phrasal verbs in just a short conversation. Phrasal verbs are everywhere in English and if you want to understand natives and speak like one, you need to start using them today.

Phrasal verbs from minute 0 – 1

Off the cuff

  • to do something without preparation. To improvise.
    • On out podcast, off the cuff, we do not prepare things beforehand, we try to improvise and go off the cuff with our ideas so that it is more natural for our listeners.

Opened up

open up can mean different things depending on the topic.

  • It can mean to open a door for example.
    • Open up the window and let some air in.
  • It can also mean to start to talk more about yourself and how you feel.
    • If you don’t open up about how you’re feeling, you will never start feeling better.
  • It can mean to become available to new things.
    • Living abroad has really opened her up to new experiences. 
  • Here, Clare is asking Annie if she has been literally out on the street lately since COVID has had everyone inside their homes for so long.
    • I’m having a hard time getting my parents to open up and get outside ever since COVID started.

Floating around

Floating around has two slightly different meanings.

  • If something is floating around it is not far away but you cannot see exactly where.
    • She let the balloon go and it is floating around somewhere outside.
  • If an idea or story floats around, it is repeated by a lot of people.
    • The fact that he is running for governor has been floating around for months.  

Come out of

  • This refers to what we can extract from a situation. It’s the result of a situation.
    • The best thing to come out of me losing my job was finding this new one. I’m much happier now.

Going back

There are three different definitions for this phrasal verb.

  • to return to a place or time.
    • I’d like to go back to when my kids were little again.
  • To be returned.
    • When do the library books need to be returned?
  • To have existed since a certain time.
    • The Cathedral goes back to the 15th century.

Walk-through

There are two definitions for walk through.

  • To check on something in order to find possible problems.
    • I did a walk-through of the school to see what it was like before I enrolled my children there.
  • Giving a detailed explanation of something.
    • Let me walk you through the instructions.

Phrasal verbs from minute 1 – 3.30

Look at

  • to observe or consider something in a certain way.
    • We were looking at buying a new home, but I’ll think we will wait.
    • We were looking at the ducklings in the pond this morning.

Connect with

  • to feel a connection with someone.
    • After 20 years of not seeing each other, Annie connected with her old friend. 

Keep going

  • to continue to do something.
    • Even if you may make some mistakes, you must keep going and eventually you will speak fluently.

Get on

  • to get along. To have a good relationship with someone.
    • He doesn’t really get on with his family ever since the accident.

Bring on

To bring something on can have two different meanings.

  • a request for something to occur.
    • We asked the waiter to bring on the ice cream after we finished dinner.
  • to be the cause of something bad.
    • His lung cancer was brought on by his smoking.

Move on

Although move on has two different meanings, they are very similar.

  • to continue with something.
    • Now that you passed the B2 English test, you should move on to the next level.
  • To leave a place to go somewhere else.
    • I know you miss him, but you really need to move on.

Be/get bogged down

  • to be very busy and occupied doing something, especially something difficult.
    • They’ve been really bogged down at work since it is tax season.

Work out

There are three different meanings for work out.

  • It could mean to go to the gym and do exercise.
    • I like to work out at least 3 times a week.
  • It can also mean for something to go well.
    • I’m so glad your new job is working out for you.
  • To calculate something to find the answer.
    • I can’t work out the answer to this math problem.  

Talk about

  • to make plans to do something in the near future.
    • We are talking about going to Chicago for Christmas.

Turn someone off of something

  • to not like something anymore due to an unpleasant experience.
    • He’s turned off beer ever since he started having stomach problems.

Sink in

  • for something to be clearly understood.
    • It just doesn’t sink in that you are moving next week!

Phrasal verbs minute 3.30 – 4:45

Pick something up

  • to learn something usually without any formal training.
    • Hearing phrasal verbs in a podcast and listening to how they are naturally used with help you pick up on how to use them.
  • To obtain something.
    • I need to stop at the store and pick up some milk.

Get at

  • what someone is trying to say.
    • I think we should just be friends. What are you getting at? Are you breaking up with me?

Be on about / Go on about

  • to be talking about a certain topic in an annoying manner.
    • I am happy they had a nice vacation, but they just kept going on about it all night long.

Come up

There are three different situations in which we can use come up.

  • to move closely to someone.
    • He just came up on me and I got scared.
  • To be mentioned.
    • Your name came up yesterday at school.
  • For something to happen in an unexpected way.
    • I’m sorry I can’t make it tonight, but something has come up.  

Start with

  • first, to begin.
    • First we will start with two cups of flour and we will gradually add the sugar and butter mixture.

Come out

Come out can be used in three different situations.

  • to come out (of the closet) is often referred to LGBTQ telling their family of friends that they are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender or Queer.
    • He was very nervous about coming out to his parents but they were very understanding and comforting.
  • Come out can also mean to leave somewhere.
    • She finally came out of the bathroom after 10 minutes.
  • To go somewhere with someone, usually for a social meeting.
    • Will you come out with me tonight to see this band play?  

Run away

To run away from something can be physical or psychological.

  • to leave a place where you should be in a secret way.
    • She ran away from home when she was a teenager.
  • To avoid dealing with something difficult.
    • You can’t run away from this conversation.   

Keep up with

  • to continue to be informed about a particular topic.
    • I read The Guardian to keep up with what is happening in the world.

Tune in

  • to watch or listen to a television, radio or podcast programme.
    • Thanks for tuning in and listening to off the cuff. 

Look forward to something

  • to be happy about an upcoming event.
    • I look forward to making our upcoming podcast.

Off the cuff: An English Learning podcast: Phrasal verbs is just one way to hear them being used in a natural conversation, but now it’s time for you to give them a try! Don’t forget to stay tuned to our up-coming podcast teaching vocabulary. We are busy working on it now and hope to have it out as soon as possible.

In the mean time, have a listen to last year’s off the cuff episode about Halloween by clicking here.

Ver nuestros cursos de inglés en la escuela de idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio pinchando aquí.

Vocab Rehab Vocabulary Synonyms for scary

Vocabulary: Synonyms for scary

Vocab Rehab Vocabulary Synonyms for scary

Stop using boring words like scary and start using these exciting Vocabulary: synonyms for scary. You can use these words to talk about movies, TV series, a story, etc. Instead of saying ‘That movie was scary’, say ‘That movie was spine-tingling!’ Impress your friends and start speaking like a native.

Vocabulary

Spine-tingling

  • very exciting, thrilling or frightening.
    • Anthony Hopkins gave a spine-tingling performance in Silence of the Lambs.

Spooky

  • Haunted or related to spooks (ghosts)
    • I can’t go into that spooky house. I’m too frightened about what I may find.

Ghastly

  • Terrifyingly horrible, intensely unpleasant.
    • There was a ghastly crime committed here four years ago.

Chilling

  • Gravely disturbing
    • The story about how he was kidnapped and held as a hostage was chilling.

Hair-raising

  • causing terror, excitement or astonishment (that your hair stand up)
    • The Handmaid’s Tale is a hair-raising TV series that was based off of a book.

Unnerving

  • Causing you to be nervous and upset.
    • Watching the fight and not being able to stop it was quite unnerving.

Petrifying

  • Overwhelmingly frightening
    • Being trapped inside the small room with no windows or way out was petrifying for me.

Creepy

  • annoyingly unpleasant or alarming.
    • The creepy old man followed us for almost 20 minutes before I called the police.

Eerie

  • Mysterious and strange
  • I had this eerie feeling that I had seen her before.

Bloodcurdling

  • Causing freight or horror
    • The idea of being caught in a natural disaster is bloodcurdling.

Now that you have learned this Vocabulary: Synonyms for scary, I suggest taking a look at our previous Vocab Rehab lesson:
Vocab Rehab: Nombres no contables a contables

You may also be interested in How to carve a pumpkin. This is an easy and fun way to celebrate Halloween at home.
You can also listen to our Halloween podcast of off the cuff 2020 off the cuff: episode 3 Halloween.

Sign up for an English course with your Bloglish teacher in the Camara de Comercio de Álava here.

Uncountable Nouns en menos de 5 minutos

Uncountable Nouns en menos de 5 minutos

Uncountable Nouns pueden causar muchas problemas en inglés ya que tienes que aprender los cuantificadores apropriados. Aquí te enseñamos los Uncountable Nouns en menos de 5 minutos.

Uncountable Nouns en menos de 5 minutos

¿Que es un Uncountable Noun?

  • Uncountable Nouns son objetos que no se puede seperar. No les podemos contar.  
    • Agua es un Uncountable Noun

¿Como conjuga los nombres no contables?

  • Normalmente, los Uncountable Nouns se utilizan de forma singular
    • The news starts at 9PM. Las noticias empiezan a las 9PM. (fijate como se utiliza starts de forma tercera persona singular en inglés, pero como un nombre plural en Castellano).
    • Time flies when you’re having fun. El tiempo vuela cuando te diviertes. (Fijate que aquí tanto en inglés como en Castellano, tiempo se utiliza en singular).

Cuantificadores

  • No se puede usar ‘a’ o ‘an’ (un o una) con los nombres no contables en inglés.
  • Así que para expresar la cantidad, puedes usar expresiones como:
    • a bit of (un poco de),
    • some (poco),
    • much (mucho),
    • a lot (mucho),
    • a great deal of (muchisimo), etc.  
  • Ejemplos
    • Would you like some wine? ¿Quieres un poco de vino?
    • I’ll just have some water, please. Un poco de agua, por favor.
    • We should always use a lot of sunscreen. Siempre debemos usar mucho crema para el sol.
    • There’s a great deal of smoke coming from that car. Hay muchísimo smog saliendo de aquel coche.

Preguntas con Uncountable Nouns

  • Para preguntar sobre la cantidad de un nombre no contable, usa ‘ How much?’ ¿Cuánto?
    • Do you have broccoli ¿Tienes brócoli?
    • How much would you like? ¿Cuanto quieres?

Expresar cantidad con Uncountable Nouns

  • Para expresar una catidad exacta, usa
    • a cup of, una taza de
    • a bag of, una bolsa de
    • 1kg of, un kilo de
    • 1L of, un litro de
    • a handful of, un puñal de
    • a pinch of, una pizca de
    • a carton of, un cartón de
    • a jug of, etc. una jarra de
  • Ejemplos:
    • How much would you like? ¿Cuanto quieres?
    • 1 kilo of broccoli, please. 1 kilo de brócoli por favor.
    • Mom, we need some milk. Mamá, necesitamos leche.
    • I just bought three cartons of milk yesterday. Acabo de comprar 3 cartones de leche ayer.

Diferencias entre Uncountable Nouns en inglés y Castellano

  • Hay varios nombres en inglés que son no contables pero contables en Castellano.
    • accommodation, habitación
    • advice, sugerencia
    • baggage, equipaje
    • behavior, comportamiento
    • bread, pan
    • evidence, evidencia
    • furniture, mueble
    • information, información
    • luggage, maleta
    • news, noticia
    • progress, progreso
    • traffic, trafico
    • travel, viaje
    • trouble, dificultad / problema
    • weather, clima
    • work, trabajo

‘a piece of’

  • Algunas de estos nombres se puede utilizar de forma contable utilizando la frase ‘a piece of’ un trozo de.
    • a piece of advice una sugerencia
    • 2 pieces of bread dos trozos de pan
    • a piece of evidence una evidencia
    • 3 pieces of furniture 3 muebles
    • a piece of information una información
    • 6 pieces of luggage 6 maletas
    • a piece of news una noticia

Ya que hayas aprendido todo sobre los Uncountable Nouns en menos de 5 minutos, puedes ver otros Grammar Videos
Countable Nouns
Como usar AT, IN y ON en menos de 5 minutos

Si quieres apuntarte a un curso de inglés con nosotros en la Camara de Comercio de Álava, pincha aquí.

Expresiones inglés MIND

B2 C1 Expresiones en inglés – MIND

Hoy en Expressions Sessions, te enseñamos 10 B2 C1 C2 Expresiones en inglés con MIND.

Expresiones inglés MIND

B2 C1 Expressions with MIND

To be in two minds

  • to be undecided
    • I am in two minds about what I should study next year, chemistry or biology.
    • He is in two minds about whether to go to Japan on holiday as its very expensive.

To bear/keep in mind

  • to remember
    • Please bear in mind that classes will begin later than advertised.
    • Remember to bear me in mind when you are deciding who to take on the school trip.

To cross one’s mind

  • to come into your thoughts as a possibility
    • It never crossed my mind to ask him about the course. I forgot he did it last year
    • Has it ever crossed your mind that I may be interested in applying for the job

To give sb a piece of your mind

  • to express your disapproval in an angry way
    • When I saw him vandalise the table, I wanted to give him a piece of my mind.
    • If the workers continue to make noise, I’m going to go over and give them a piece of my mind

To go out of your mind

  • to go crazy
    • I’m going to cross the Antarctic on a bicycle. Have you gone out of your mind?
    • I’m out of my mind with worry, the child left at six o clock and hasn’t returned.

To have something in mind

  • to be considering something
    • I’ll cook this evening. Oh! Great what have you got in mind?
    • Have you anything in mind for your presentation on Friday?

To make up your mind

  • to decide
    • I can’t make up my mind about what to wear this evening. I think I’ll go smart casual.
    • It’s time to make up your mind about who is going to be the next president.

Mind (you)

  • to emphasise a piece of information that you are adding, especially if that information explains what you have said or contrasts it
    • They paid a lot for their house, mind you, they can afford it./they can afford it, mind
    • You need to add some water to the dish, not too hot, mind (you).

To put one’s mind at ease

  • to reassure somebody
    • If you are worried about him, I’ll call him to put your mind at ease.
    • So as to put your mind at ease, I’ll be there early

To slip your mind

  • to forget
    • It completely slipped my mind to ask him for his email address
    • I forgot I had an appointment with the doctor this morning. It slipped my mind.

To speak your mind

  • to say what you think
    • Don’t ever be afraid to speak your mind. It’s important that people know your opinion.
    • He told his boss how he felt about the situation. He certainly speaks his mind.

Now that you have learned these B1 B2 C1 C2 expresiones en inglés con MIND, check out other Expressions Sessions
Expressions Sessions: Expressions with food
Expressions Sessions: Expressing your opinion

Examenes Cambridge 2021

Aqui te explicamos las fechas del examen y también de la matriculación para los examenes Cambridge 2021. Si quieres saber más sobre el marco Europeo de los niveles, Cambridge to lo explica en su página web aquí.

El FIRST o FCE

Nivel de certificación: B2, Upper Intermediate

El B2 First, First Certificate in English (FCE) y el First Certificate in English for Schools (FCEfS) es lo que necesitas para sacar el B2 en inglés. Se demuestrs que puedes hablar, leer, escribir y escuchar para poder estudiar.

Para poder acceder el examen, hay que inscribirse. Pincha aquí para inscribirte

FIRST examen en Álava

En Álava, el examen del FIRST se realiza en Carmalitas del Sagrado Corazon en Vitoria-Gasteiz. De momento las fechas están por confirmar. Actualizaremos nuestra página Web en cuanto salga las fechas

Fecha ExamenFecha de inscripciónPrecio
por confrmarfor schools – papelpor confirmar209€

FIRST examen en Bizkaia

Hay varias opciones para hacer el examen en Bizkaia.

Fecha ExamenFecha de inscripciónPrecio
02/10/2021for schools – papelpor confirmar209€
16/10/2021Ordenador 04/10/2021 o agotar plazas209€
19/11/2021Ordenador07/11/2021 o agotar plazas209€
20/11/2021For Schools-Ordenador07/11/2021 o agotar plazas209€
04/12/2021
Ordenador
For Schools-Papel
21/11/2021 o agotar plazas
29/10/2021
209€
11/12/2021For Schools-Ordenador
Papel
29/11/2021 o agotar plazas
05/11/2021
209€

El CAE, Advanced Certificate in English

Nivel de certificación: C1, Advanced

El C1 Advanced, C1 Cambridge Advanced Certificate in English (CAE), demuestra que tienes un nivel de un alumno universitario y también se espera que tengas un nivel profesional de los negocios.

Para poder acceder el examen, hay que inscribirse. Pincha aquí para inscribirte

CAE examen en Álava

En Álava, el examen del CAE se realiza en Carmalitas del Sagrado Corazon en Vitoria-Gasteiz. De momento las fechas están por confirmar. Actualizaremos nuestra página Web en cuanto salga las fechas

Fecha ExamenFecha de inscripciónPrecio
por confrmarpapelpor confirmar227€

CAE examen en Bizkaia

EN Bizkaia hay varias opciones para hacer el examen.

Fecha ExamenFecha de inscripciónPrecio
23/10/2021Ordenador11/10/2021 o hasta agotar plazas227€
06/11/2021Ordenador25/10/2021 o hasta agotar plazas227€
02/12/2021Ordenador22/11/2021 o hasta agotar plazas 227€
11/12/2021papel22/11/2021 o hasta agotar plazas 227€

El CPE: Certificate of Proficiency

Nivel de certificación: C2, Proficiency

C2 Proficiency, Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE), es el título más alto. Demuestra que tienes un nivel para poder hablar con fluidez.

Para poder acceder el examen, hay que inscribirse. Pincha aquí para inscribirte

CPE examen en Álava

No se puede hacer este examen en Álava.

CPE examen en Bizkaia

Fecha ExamenFecha de inscripciónPrecio
13/11/2021Ordenador03/11/2021 o hasta agotar plazas240€
02/12/2021Papel29/10/2021240€

Preparación de examenes de Cambridge

En la escuela de idiomas en la Cámara de Álava, te preparamos para el FIRST, CAE y CPE. Pincha aquí para ver nuestros cursos online y presencial.

An English Learning Podcast, Episode 12

In this month of an English Learning Podcast, off the cuff, episode 12, Clare and Annie talk about the rat race. Find out what it is and listen to us discussing how to get off of it and if its ever too late to change your life.

Vocabulary Episode 12

A pause for thought

  • to stop and think about something carefully
    • The news about the volcano has given us all a pause for thought about what is important in our lives.

Dermot Bolger

  • Dermot Bolger is an Irish author. Find out more about him here.
  • The book Clare mentions in the podcast by this author is called An ark of light. Click here to read more about the book.

Gentry

  • People that make up the high social class. Learn more here.
    • The book explains the intimate life of the gentry at the beginning of Vitoria-Gasteiz

Nomadland

  • Learn more about Nomadland, the film that Annie mentioned in the podcast by clicking here.

Resilience

  • The strength to overcome adversity
  • Learn more here.
    • The best way to build resilience in children is to have at least one adult who loves them no matter what they do or say.

The rat race

  • a way of life in which people are running to compete with each other for wealth and or power without really getting anywhere.
  • Watch this animated short film by Steve Cutts which depicts the rat race by clicking here.
    • Sometimes I would like to quit this rat race and live a relaxing life in the countryside.

The bandwagon

  • To get involved in an activity that will be successful and receive the benefits.
    • All the actors are trying to get on the TV series bandwagon.

Uplifting

  • Something that makes you feel good. If a movie is uplifting, it usually gives some kind of positive message or happy ending.
    • In the movie Nomadland, although at times it was quite sad to see people’s struggles, it had a quite uplifting ending and message.

Ironic

  • In an ironic situation, the opposite of what you expect occurs.
    • It’s a bit ironic that she’s the one who got sick since she has gone to such long lengths to stay healthy.

aspirations

  • an aspiration is something that you hope to achieve or become
    • He aspires to be a surgeon some day.

the height of ones career

  • Height in this context means the highest point, so that the height of one’s career means they are at the apex or the highest place possible in the work life.
    • She is at the height of her career and at such a young age.
  • Remember career is English is a false friend. It does not mean what you are studying at school. It means your professional work.
    • I have had a long career teaching English.

resounding

  • Resounding can have two meanings. Firstly, it can mean loud. In the podcast, Annie used it to say something that is unmistakable, something she is very sure about.
    • The audience gave the singer a resounding applause.
    • The party was a resounding success.

astonishment

  • something that is astonishing is very surprising.
    • To my astonishment, the house was already completed just after one month.
    • Their accomplishments are astonishing.

to run rings around someone

  • this is an idiom that means someone does something way better than someone else.
    • Jim runs rings around his classmates in Math class.

Now that you have learned all the vocabulary from An English Podcast, Episode 12, have a listen to our previous podcasts and pick up on some more new vocabulary with English Learning podcast episode 12. Episode 11 Episode 10

B2 C1 C2 expressions about food

If you are studying for your B2 C1 or C2 level or are simply an English language learner, you know there are tons of expressions to learn. Here we offer you some B2 C1 C2 expressions about food. Let’s face it, expressions about food are the best sort of expressions!

A piece of cake

  • Everyone likes cake. It’s easy to like cake. So, if something is a piece of cake, it means that it is easy to do. It comes from the same meaning of ‘easy as pie’ referring to how easy it is to eat a sweat dessert.
    • Click here to learn how to make carrot cake! It’s as easy as pie.
    • Learning English is a piece of cake with Bloglish!

Spill the beans

  • If you spill the beans, you have said something you shouldn’t have. This is usually when there is a surprise party and you accidently mention it in front of the person whose party it is or if you intentionally tell a secret that someone asked you not to tell.
    • Henry spilled the beans to my mom and now I am grounded for two days.

Go bananas

  • Go bananas or ‘Go ape’ (a less commonly used expression) refer to someone acting in a wild or crazy way. So, it comes from the idea of monkeys (or apes) jumping or swinging around and eating bananas. Sometimes it is difficult to know if the expression means someone is very happy or over-reacting to a situation. It depends on the tone of voice used to say the expression. 
    • They bought a new house and they are just going bananas about it.

There’s no use crying over spilled milk

  • This probably depends on what your parents were like when you were a child. If they yelled at you when you spilled milk, then this expression doesn’t work. The idea is that kids knock over their milk quite often due to being clumsy and since crying won’t bring the milk back, they should just clean it up and get another one. Parents literally would say, there’s no use crying over spilled milk. However, you can apply this to any situation where someone is upset about a past mistake or situation to tell them, it can’t be changed so they just need to accept the consequence and move on.  
    • You lost your keys. There’s no use crying over spilled milk. Get them replaced and move on.

Take it with a grain of salt

  • If someone tells you to take it with a grain of salt, it is a small warning that maybe it’s not 100% true what they are telling you or what they heard. This could be for a number of reasons:
    • They don’t have all the information,
    • Someone is giving you their opinion, not facts,
    • He or she does not think they got it from a reliable source, or
    • maybe they don’t remember all the details.
    • Kelly told me that she is going to make the team, but take it with a grain of salt (because Kelly sometimes lies or exaggerated the truth).

Bring home the bacon

  • This is one of my favorites, simply because it says bacon. Mmm. To bring home the bacon means that you earn money and therefore your house (or home) has money to buy such things as food (bacon). It used to be used mainly in a sexist way, saying women work at home and men bring home the bacon, but this has changed and is now used for anyone who is earning a wage.
    • I got a new job! I’ll finally be able to bring home the bacon.

Butter someone up

  • If you are buttering someone up, it means you are flattering them or saying nice things to them because you need something in return from them. You may tell your teacher she is your favorite teacher before telling her you didn’t do your homework. You may offer to help your boss as much as possible saying you enjoy working for him or her so you can later ask for a raise. Maybe you tell your dad how wonderful his cooking is before asking permission to go to a concert. Either way, you are buttering someone up so they are more likely to give you what you want. Naturally, everything is better with butter.
    • Are you buttering me up? What do you want?

That’s the way the cookie crumbles

  • If you eat a good cookie, it should crumble a bit because that’s just what happens when you eat a cookie. This is a metaphor for life, sometimes things just happen and there’s not much we can do about it. Sometimes things will go in your favor and other times they won’t. Your team played the best they could but they lost the game. You had a great interview but they gave the job to someone else. You like a boy but he likes your best friend. That’s just the way the cookie crumbles sometimes and there’s not much we can do about it.
  • I’m really sorry to hear that you didn’t make the team. That’s just the way the way the cookie crumbles sometimes.

Now that you’ve learned these B2 C1 C2 Expressions about food, learn more from other Expressions Sessions Expressions Sessions: Time

Vocabulario No contables a contables

Nombres NO contables a contables

Se puede cambiar nombres NO contables a nombres contables.

  • Un nombre contable es un nombre que se puede contar. Por ejemplo: una silla, dos sillas. Pichar AQUÍ para aprender más sobre nombres contables.
  • Un pronombre no contable es un pronombre que no se puede contar. Por ejemplo: Azúcar, agua, pan.

¿Como puedo cambiar los no contables a contables?

  • En los casos de azúcar, agua y pan, podemos cambiarles a pronombres contables añadiendo otro pronombre. En muchos casos es muy parecido al Castellano.
  • Por ejemplo:
Sugar – a cup of sugarAzúcar – una taza de azucar
Water – a bottle of waterAgua – una botella de agua
Bread – a loaf of breadPan – una barra de pan

Unos ejemplos de no contables en inglés que son distintos al Castellano

Los pronombres noticias, muebles, sugerencias, tarea, ruido y chisme en Castellano son contables pero en Inglés son NO contables. Eso puede causar mal entendidos y/o problemas gramaticales.

News

  • I heard a news story last night about a village close to Vitoria. (Escuche una notice anoche sobre un pueblo cerca de Vitoria.)
    • No podemos decir ‘I heard a news’ porque news son las noticias en general. Cuando queremos hablar de una noticia en particular, hay que usar ‘a news story’ o ‘a piece of news’.

Furniture

  • I bought some new furniture. (Compre algunos muebles nuevos)
    • Diciendo ‘furniture’ implica más que un mueble así que si quieres decir que solo has comprador un mueble tienes que decir ‘a piece of furniture’.
    • I’m selling a piece of furniture on Wallapop. (Vendo un mueble en Wallapop)

Advice

  • Let me give you a piece of advice. (Dejame darte una sugerencia)
    • Eso es lo que decimos cuando queremos dar un consejo.
    • Si quieres expresar que hayas recibido consejos del medico dirias The doctor gave me some advice on how to lose weight. (El medico me ha dado unas sugerencias de como perder peso)

Gossip

  • I heard an interesting piece of gossip. Escuche un chisme interesante
    • Para especificar que es solo un chisme, decimos a piece of gossip. Tambien da un poco de emphasis en el chisme para decir que es muy interesante.
    • Si quieres hablar de los chismes en general puedes decir These TV programs only talk about gossip. (Estas programas de televisión sobre hablan de chismes)

Homework

  • I have homework’ Tengo tarea.
    • La palabra homework no me dice si tienes una tarea o 3 tareas.
    • Para ser más exacta, hay que decir I have 3 homework assignments to do. (Tengo 3 tareas para hacer.)

Check out more VOCAB REHABs in Bloglish

Vocab Rehab: Vocabulario Interior del coche en inglés
Vocab Rehab: Vocabulario partes de un coche en inglés

Vocabulario No contables a contables