English Vocabulary: Vocab Rehab es diseñado a enseñar vocabulario cada semana. Tal vez te enseñamos como usar una palabra que te cuesta. O te enseñamos una palabra nueva.
El vocabulario siempre viene con definiciones y ejemplos para poder entender la palabra con su contexto. Siempre intentamos usar palabras que realmente son usados en un contexto de
2. un examen
3. cuando viajas, etc.
Echa un vistazo a nuestros posts de hoy sobre la enseñanza de vocabulario en inglés. Seguro que te gustarán.
English Vocabulary: Vocab Rehab teaches you English vocabulary on a weekly basis. Sometimes we look at a common word that is often misused. Other times we teach words you may not know.
The vocabulary posts teach you definitions and examples. This is so that you can learn the words in their context. We always try to use words that are really used in a context of:
2. an exam
3. traveling, etc.
Check out our English Vocabulary teaching posts today! I am sure you will enjoy them.
False Friends: career and degree. Oh how much do we hate those False Friends – the words that sound exactly like a word in a different language but has a different meaning. It sounds like it’s a friend, but it’s not. Curse you False Friends!!!
CAREER – PROFESIÓN / TRAYECTORIA
Career in English is a job that you have been doing for a long time (not your university studies)
Before her career in social work, she was a banker.
He’s finally retiring after a 40 year career in marketing.
DEGREE – CARRERA
a qualification given for finishing a university course
degree is the correct translation of ‘careera‘ in Spanish.
He has a degree in education.
Although he got his degree in History, he’s working in politics.
English Vocabulary: tenacious. There are lots of names for these kinds of people: persistent, tough, annoying. But, when we use the word tenacious, there is a strength behind it. We are talking about someone who won’t stop usually because they believe strongly in something.
Someone who doesn’t stop until they achieve what they want.
Amnesty International is a tenacious advocate for human rights.
She’s a tenacious little girl and doesn’t accept no for an answer.
Something that is strong or not persistent.
We need to find a more tenacious metal for this project.
Julie really has a tenacious memory
the quality of being very determned.
I admire your tenacity for change.
He showed a lot of tenacity, but in the end I’m not sure he is going to win.
The quality of persisting
The company has outlived the other ones out of sheer tenacity.
The tenacity of certain stories allow then to be told by each generation.
To achieve something in a tenacious way.
Joe is tenaciously battling the lawsuit in court.
We tenaciously record every event so that future generations will know what happened.
Cursos de inglés
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades, presencialmente y online.
English Vocabulary: Time off. Time off is a way to refer to all types of ‘leaves’ from work without giving too many details. It can refer to medical leave, maternity/paternity leave or simply vacation/holidays.
A period of time that you do not have to go to work due to illness, holiday, permission, etc.
She’s going to take some time off after the baby is born.
They are taking some time off to get some help for their ageing parents.
English Vocabulary: strive. Strive can be a complicated word to use because it doesn’t actually collocate with a wide variety of words. And although some people may translate it as ‘tratar’ or ‘esforzarse’ in Spanish, it doesn’t actually capture the full meaning of the word. In situations like these, it’s good to see examples and the words that it does collocate with in order to apply the word correctly.
to try very hard to achieve or accomplish something
strive + infinitve
She strives to do her best in everything she does.
We are always striving to learn new things to apply at our jobs.
strive + for + noun
If he continues to strive for perfection, he will wear himself out.
English: Inclusive language. As society evolves, so does language. It’s important to make sure that you are using language that is inclusive and does not discriminate against individuals in and out of the office.
language that does not discriminate
language that represents different people in a positive way
GENDER INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE
to refer to the male and female workers in your business, use workforce, personnel or staff.
There are 200 men and women that make up our worforce.
manpower is a sexist word that refers to a time when women did not work. It also sounds as if men are powerful and women are not.
Other examples of gender inclusive language includes saying ‘Hello everyone’ instead of ‘Hello guys’ to refer to women and men.
please stop calling women over the age of 18, girls. They are women. Calling them a girl sounds as though they are innocent or incapable.
Women make up 50% of the Board of Directors.
Refering to men and women as female or male staff members/members of staff is also an acceptable,
The male members of staff are requesting a new changing room.
Inclusive language for people with disabilities
Disabled member of staff or a person with disabilities, although is not a great alternative, it is what we have as of November 2023.
If we want to invite Arantxa for lunch, we need to make sure that our house is accessible for someone with a disability.
Handicapped and differently-abled were both terms that were used at one point and are no longer seen as positive.
Know someone who has a disability? Ask them how they prefered to be called.
Age inclusive language
nobody wants to be called old, so stop using this word and use elderly to talk about people over the age of 70.
The elderly are often excluded from society.
For those staff members who are up in age, try experienced worker, senior worker or senior member of staff.
Our senior workers are our most valuable members of staff.
Inclusive language about one’s sexual orientation
Don’t asume that the person in front of you is married and that they are to a man or a woman. Instead of asking about their husband or wife, ask about their partner.
Don’t asume a man dates a woman and vice versa, ask if they are dating anyone.
There exist lots of different ways in which LGBTQ+ liked to be addressed. If you aren’t sure how to address someone, ask them.
Again, if you aren’t sure how to address people at work, at a bar or at the dinner table, ask them.
Vocabulary in English
Now that you have seen English: Inclusive language, have a look at our other Vocab Rehab Posts.
En la Escuela de idiomas de la Camara de Comercio tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades.
English Vocabulary: Spot-on. Here is one of those words that really doesn’t have a specific translation in Spanish, although there are lots of words you could use in its place. You could say correcto (although correct exists in English), you could say precisamente (althouth precise exists in English). Basically spot–on is a way to say you are exactly right, emphasizing how impressed I am with how accurate something is.
to describe something that is exactly right
used to emphasize surprise at how accurate something is
You were spot-on about Josh. He really is generous with everyone.
Your predictions about the course were spot-on. The teacher is excellent and I am really enjoying it.
Unfortunetly, your predictions about the end of the year sales were spot-on. We will have to lay people off next year.
Cursos inglés Vitoria
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles. Puedes ver todos los cursos aquí. Para poder apuntarse a un grupo, pincha aquí o ponte en contacto con nosotros: firstname.lastname@example.org, 945 150 190
English Vocabulary: foresight. someone who has foresight is not a magician or a fortune teller. It is simply someone who can read a situation, judge what the possible outcomes may be and learns to plan in a way for this situation. Some people may have foresight at work but not with relationships, or vice versa. Other people may be able to see what is going to happen but don’t know how to plan for that situation. Someone with foresight can do both.
HAVE THE FORESIGHT (noun)
to have ability to understand a situation and it’s possible outcomes and
be able to plan for this situation
He had the foresight to leave his job before they went bankrupt.
If Carol had the foresight to sell the house before the market crash, she should have had the foresight to save some money as well.
to be able to judge a situation and make plans to deal with it.
He didn’t forsee the divorce at all, so he was shocked when his wife told him.
They forsaw the war and made plans to leave the country as soon as they could.
foreseeable: an event or situation that can be predicted
She will be working in the school for the forseeable future.
unforseeable: an event or situation that can not be predicted.
I lost my job last month, so for the unforseeable future, I will be unemployed.
English Vocabulary: sign up. This phrasal verb is a very important one to know. This month you need to SIGN UP for English class, dance class, art class or any other activity that you are hoping to be a part of. My kids always make the mistake of saying to me, ‘Did you inscribirme in the class?’ And I respond, ‘No, I signed you up.’ It’s such a basic phrase, but even they never seem to use it.
Phrasal verb. Learn more about how to use phrasal verbs here.
to join or agree to be a part of an activity or event.
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades. Puedes mirar nuestros cursos y horarios aquí o pónte en contacto con nosotros a email@example.com
Inglés General A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
Inglés para negocios (Business English) A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
Preparación de exámenes de Cambridge, Oxford Test of English y EOI
Si quieres certificar tu nivel de inglés, mejorar tus posibilidades de trabajar o simplemente mantener tu nivel, tenemos curos para todos las necesidades y niveles en la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio. Pincha aquí para saber más. Ponte en contacto con nosotros a firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cursos de preparación para los exámenes de Cambridge B2, C1, C2 y Oxford Test of English A2, B1, B2
English Vocabulary: to be promoted. Today we celebrate the fact that our local football club, Alaves has been promoted to First Division! ¡Aupa Alaves! Click here to read more about Vitoria-Gasteiz’s Alaves team, but before you do that, let’s take a look at the different meanings of promote. Also, check out the collocations used with promote.
TO BE PROMOTED
to raise someone to a more important position
Usually someone is promoted to something
John has just been promoted to the head of his department,so we are having a party for him.
If the team wins the next game, then they will be promoted to 2nd Division.
to encourage people to like and/or buy a product
Kristen is promoting a new line of cosmetics, so you should buy from her.
If you really want to promote your product well, you should talk to an advertising company.
To encourage people to like and support an idea.
The world leaders really need to promote the idea of taking care of the planet or else there will never be real change.
They promote peace talks between the two countries.
COLLOCATIONS WITH PROMOTE
adverbs that collocate with promote
actively, positively, widely
We are actively promoting English classes, so sign up today.
I’m not sure I agree with such aggressive promoting, but I see that it is effective.
The company is successfully promoting the product nationally and plans to go international.
nouns that collocate with promote
access, diversity, equality, human rights, awareness
I do all I can to promote diversity and inclusion at work and at home.
efficiency, innovation, education,
If the government really wants to promote innovation, they need to provide more grant money to start up businesses.
business, growth, development
The new mayor says she want to promote growth, so she is presenting a new bill.
competition, debate, dialogue, trade
If we don’t promote dialogue and debate, then we will never grow as a country.
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Álava, tenemos cursos para todos los niveles y necesidades. Contáctanos a email@example.com. Tenemos cursos online y presencial para mayores de 16 años.
English Vocabulary: Strike. May 2nd is an International Worker’s Rights Day. In countries all over the world, people are striking for better working conditions and better pay. There are many ways to use the word strike, so let’s take a look at some of them.
to refuse to continue working due to an arguement with your boss. Usaully over working conditions, pay, etc.
One person or a group of people can strike.
We are striking for better working conditions.
The teachers strike every year on the same day to raise awareness about a variety of educational concerns.
Strike can also mean to forcefully hit someone or something
He is in jail after striking a woman on the street for no reason.
Julie struck the football so hard that it hot the back wall.
Something that happens all of a sudden and has a major impact, usually negative.
The lightning struck the building and killed three people.
The storm is moving fast and they say it will strike within the hour.
GO ON STRIKE
Same meaning as strike.
The French workers are going on strike this weekend.
They went on strike last week.
A perdiod of time that a worker does not work due to arguement with management about working conditions, pay, etc.
The man died in prison after a 90-day hunger strike.
The workers are calling for a nationwide strike to happen next month.
A strong hit
The strike to his head may cause permanent damage.
The building was damaged by the lightning strikes.
Other meanings and collocations with strike
The clock strikes midnight in 5 minutes! (sounds a bell or turns that time)
He struck out their best hitter (baseball reference)
In baseball you only have three stikes and you’re out!
She stuck the ball as hard as she could. (hit the ball hard)
They said it wasn’t a good idea to teach children how to strike a match. (light a match)
I’m so mad I want to strike them from the list of attendees. (to take someone off a list)
When the country struck oil, everyone suddenly wanted to be their best friends. (found oil)
We finally struck a deal with them and we start work on Monday. (made an agreement)
Doesn’t it strike you as odd that she never even called? (to seem strange)
Although my partner didn’t want me too, I decided to take part in the strike. (join the strike)
There have been so many air strikes in the last week that I think most of the people have left the city. (military attacks from the air)