En la sección de Grammar y Escritura puedes encontrar información sobre puntos gramaticales con explicaciones simples y sencillas.

Aprende inglés con videos de gramática que te explican con imagines y explicaciones sencillas. En los posts puedes encontrar explicaciones adicionales en castellano y con ejercicios.

Preparación de exámenes. También hay una serie de posts que te ayudará a entender puntos gramaticales que son necesarios para los exámenes de Cambridge, Escuela Oficial de Idiomas, Oxford, EILTS y más.

In the Grammar section, you can find information about specific grammatical points with simly and clear explanations.

Learn English with our videos which explain with pictures and simple explanations. In these Grammar video posts, you can find additional explanations in Spanish and some additional exercises.

Preparing for exams. You can also find posts that will help you with specific grammatical posts that are necessary for you to know for Cambridge, EOI, Oxford and EILTS exams and more.

Exam Writing: Criteria Essays

Exam Writing: Criteria Essays. It’s exam season and that means that everyone is working to improve their reading and listening skills, but don’t forget your writing skills!


Examiners are looking at 4 specific areas.


  1. Content: Has the student completed the task by answering the question?
  • Lots of students have trouble staying on task. If the question is asking you about whether unhealthy food should be banned, don’t speak about your own diet. It is not relavent.
  • If they are asking for your opinion, give it. Make your ideas clear.

    Communicative achievement

    2. Communicative achievement: Is the student using the correct style of text?

    • Most people struggle with informal vocabulary because they have only learned formal English. If you are writing a friend, use more phrasal verbs, say hello and talk soon, not Dear Sir and kind regards.
    • Review some formal and informal language for emails here.


    3. Organization: Is the essay organized in a way that I can understand?

    • Everyone’s idea of organization is different depending on culture, language, etc. So, you need to organize your essay in a way that English speakers can follow.
    • A typical order for an essay that agrees with the question is:
      • Introduction
      • Reasons for
      • Reasons for
      • Conclusion
    For an ‘against’ essay use:
    Reasons against
    Reasons against
    For a ‘on balance’ essay use:
    Reasons for
    Reasons against


    4. Language: has the students used a range of vocabulary and grammar?

    • Have you used a conditional? an inversion? a variety of verb tenses?

    • Is your vocabulary varied or do you say I think four times?

    • Have you used the correct connectors? and in the correct way?

      When you finish writing, go back and review what you have written. Anser the questions you see here. Have I answered the question? Have I used a variety of language? How is my spelling?

      Writing Rules

      Now that you have seen Exam Writing: Criteria Essays, take a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing Rules: by vs until
      Writing Rules: notifying errors in emails

      Like vs as

      English Grammar: like vs as

      English Grammar: like vs as. It’s true that sometimes we can interchange ‘like’ and ‘as’, but there are other times where the meaning can change quite a bit and can even cause confusion.


      What’s a conjunction? Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences, such as: and, but, like and as.

      • Use
        • as/like + subject + verb (clause)
      • Examples
        • Nobody knows how to make him feel better like/as his parents do.
        • Like/as she said, few people are interested in art these days.


      When ‘like’ and ‘as’ are used as prepositions, they have different meanings and use.


      • Like
        • similar to or the same as
        • Like a coach, I try to motivate the kids. (I am not a coach)
      • As
        • in the role/function of
        • As a coach, I am responsible for motivating the kids and teaching them how to play. (I am the coach)


      • Like
        • like + noun (phrase) / pronoun
        • He sounds like a native speaker.
        • Your daughter looks exactly like you.
      • As
        • as + noun(phrase)
        • Sometimes, students like to use their teachers as a translator.
        • Kelly got a new job as a Personal Assistant.


      It’s quite easy to mix up ‘like’ and ‘as’ and sometimes it may not cause too much confusion, other times it may. Here are some common mistakes that you should avoid.


      • Use ‘like’ for:
        • appearances and behaviour
          • That dark spot looks like a shadow, but it’s a stain.
          • It looks like rain.
        • comparing two things
          • He has a cold, like me.
          • Like my colleagues, I am not happy about the changes.


      • Use ‘as’ to speak about your profession
        • He works as a doctor in the Emergency Room. (He is a doctor)
      • You can use ‘like’ but it will have a different meaning
        • She’s a nurse, but her 13-hour shifts are like the doctor’s in the Emergency Room (She is a nurse and her shift has similarities to a doctor’s shifts)

      English Grammar

      Now that you have seen English Grammar: like vs as, take a look at our other Grammar posts:
      Grammar Rules: seem
      Grammar Rules: stative verbs

      Cursos de inglés

      En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio tenemos cursos de inglés para mayores de 16 años.

      English: By vs till / until

      English: By vs till / until

      English: By vs till / until. It can be quite confusing when we are writing work emails to know if we should use by or until. It’s true that until can often be translated as ‘hasta‘ in Spanish, but not always.



      • When ‘by’ is used to indicate time, it means:
        • something can be done between now and the time indicated.
        • not after the time indicated.
        • includes the day or time mentioned.


      • I’ll call you back by 3:00.
        • (I’ll call you between now and 3:00)
      • Please respond by Friday at the latest.
        • (Respond between now and Friday)
      • By what time do you need the payment?
      • What time do you need the payment by?
        • (When is the latest time for me to pay this?)

      TILL / UNTIL

      Meaning (positive)

      • When till or until are used to indicate time, it means:
        • the duration of a situation
        • when the event ends
      • till and until have the same meaning.
      • till is more informal and not used in formal writing.


      • I will be in the office until 6 o’clock to answer any of your questions.
        • (I will not be here to answer you at 6 or later).
      • We have until next month to pay the bill.
        • (we can pay it any time this month)
      • How much time do we have until they call?
        • (How much time do we have to prepare before the phone rings)

      Meaning (negative)

      • In a positive statement, until means when something ends. However, in a negative statement, it usually means when something will begin.

      Examples (negative)

      • We can not get any information from them until we provide all the necesarry documents.
        • (First the documents need to be turned in, then we will get the information)
      • The results will not be listed until everyone has voted.
        • (First all the votes take place. Then we get the results)

      Common Mistakes

      It is quite common for Spanish speakers to mix up by and until as they both are indicating a time when something ends. Take a look at some of these common errors.

      • INCORRECT: You have by Tuesday to respond.
      • CORRECT: You have until Tuesday to respond.


      Fill in the blank space with by or until. Check your answers at the bottom of the post.

      1. Please, respond to this email ____ Thursday.
      2. I have to leave today ____ noon. I have a doctor appointment.
      3. I am requesting time off, from June 10th ____ the 16th.
      4. ____ Friday at the latest.
      5. ____ June, we will not have any results for you.
      6. The summer discount is available ____ September.
      7. ____ 5 o’clock the office is closed and everyone has gone home.
      8. ____ 5 o’clock the office is open and full of people.
      9. You should have the asnwer ____ Monday at the latest.
      10. ____ we find a solution, we are unable to check out databases.

      English Writing

      Now that you have seen English: By vs till / until, take a look at our other English Writing posts:
      English Writing: Notifying errors
      English Writing: Making requests in English

      Cursos inglés

      En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Álava tenemos cursos de inglés para mayores de 16 años. Ponte en contacto con nosotros para recibir más información


      1. by
      2. until
      3. until
      4. by
      5. until
      6. until
      7. by
      8. until
      9. by
      10. until
      English Grammar: seem

      English Grammar: seem

      English Grammar: seem. Seem is a word that is very useful, especially when using polite language. But, are you using it correctly?


      • use the word ‘seem’ to say that something appears to be a certain way.
      • Also use it in polite language to presetn your idea about something.
      • NOTE: do not use seem as a continuous verb. It is a stative verb.


      There are two ways to use the word ‘seem’.

      • with an infinitive or
      • as a linking verb


      • Subject + seem + infintive
        • She seems to always show up 20 minutes late.
        • He seemed to know the answer.
      • Subject + seem + to be + noun
        • She seems to always be 20 minutes late
        • There seems to be a mistake.


      Linking verbs are verbs that are used to describe the subject. Common examples are ‘seem’ and ‘be’.

      • Subject + seem + adjective/noun
        • It seems strange that she didn’t come to the party.
        • It seems a waste of time to drive in such a small city.


      Remember, that clauses include a subject and a verb, so after that, as if, as though and like, we need to use a subject and a verb.

      • It + seems + that
        • It seems that they won.
      • It + seems + as if
        • It seems as if he knew they were going to win.
      • It + seems + as though
        • It seemed as though she was upset about something.
      • It + seems + like
        • It seems like everyone is going.


      Now that you have seen: English Grammar: seem, take a look at our other Grammar posts:
      Grammar: Stative verbs
      Grammar: Present Continuous

      Cursos Inglés

      En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los necesidades y niveles.

      English Writing: notifying errors

      English Writing: notifying errors

      English Writing: notifying errors. Communicating an error or mistake can be a delicate matter, especially in emails. So, make sure that your language is clear, not aggressive and is focused on the solution.


      Here are some of the basic rules for making complaints or for telling someone they have made a mistake.

      • Don’t use language that accuses someone. Don’t be aggressive. Identify the mistake
      • Stay polite by using indirect language.
      • Mistake is a broad term that can be applied to anything. Learn the correct terminology for each situation and your message will be clearer, hence you will have better results.
      • By doing the first three rules, you have a better opportunity for maintaining a good working relationship with your colleagues



      • Try to avoid saying ‘you’
      • Use ‘we’ to share responsibility
        • We should review the numbers again.
      • Replace pronouns with There is, there seems to be, It looks like…
        • There’s seems to be a problem.
        • There is a inconsistancy here.
        • It looks like the price was overvalued.


      • Avoid negatives
      • Rephrase things in a positive way
        • I think we need to rethink the figures.
        • Maybe we need to look at the prices again.


      • Discrepancy – when two numbers are different but should be the same.
      • Mix up – a mistake that causes confusion
      • Oversight – a mistake because someone didn’t see something.


      It’s also important to be clear about what the exact error is. Here are some examples:

      • There was a discrepancy in the numbers. I noted that we have 4,300 pieces in the wearhouse and your document states that there is 4,200.
      • There’s seems to have been a mix-up. We were charged $2,000 this month, but that was last month’s order size. This month we only ordered half, so the price should be $1,000.
      • I’m sure it was just as oversight, but I believe the building has been undervalued by 10,000€. Can you please look into it for me?


      Always remember to close your email in a polite manner. Some examples are as follows:

      • Hope to hear from you soon,
      • Let me know if I can do anything,
      • Give me a call if you have any questions.
      • Thanks for giving this an extra look.


      Now that you have read English Writing: notifying errors, have a look at our other Writing posts:
      Writing: making requests in English
      Writing: C1 Advanced Writing

      Stative Verbs in English

      Stative Verbs in English

      Stative Verbs in English

      Stative Verbs in English. Stative verbs (or State verbs) refer to verbs that describe a state, not an action. These are verbs that we rarely use in the Present Continuous form since they do not show actions. Having said that, this is changing, as languages often do. Below you can learn about how to use Stative Verbs and how to use some verbs as Stative and Dynamic (verbs that show action).


      Remember that a Stative verb means that there is not an action happening. It is only a ‘state’.


      • In the context of the examples to the right, we would not be able to use the Present Continuous because the verbs represent a state, not an action.

      List of Stative verbs

      There are 4 general categories of Stative Verbs but remember that some of these verbs can be used in both Stative and Dynamic form. What makes them stative is that they are explaining a state, not an action.

      AND SIZE


      So, now we know that Stative verbs only show a ‘state’, so Dynamic verbs show ‘action’. Some examples of Dynamic verbs are: run, dance, shower, play, etc. We can see the action occuring. Some verbs can be used both as a state and as an action. Here are some examples.


      • Think as a stative mental state
        • I think she is right.
        • He thinks the meeting is on Monday. I think it’s on Tuesday.
      • Think as an action in progress with Present Continuous
        • Please turn down the music. I’m thinking.
        • He’s thinking of having the meeting on Monday.
      • to be as a state of someone’s personality
        • Jim is such a nice guy
        • She’s always fair.
      • to be as a temporary action that is happening right now
        • He‘s not being very friendly at all today.
        • I don’t think she’s being very fair to you.
      • to have as a state of posession
        • We have a house in Malaga
        • She has a lot of friends.
      • to have as an activity that is taking place now or soon.
        • I’m having a party this weekend.
        • She’s having some friends over tonight to watch a movie.


      • Remember that when you want to use a verb in a Stative form it is a ‘state’
        • The dinner tastes great!
      • But when it is in a dynamic state, there is action.
        • We are tasting each wine.

      Cursos Inglés

      En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles. Pónte en contacto con nosotros a idiomas@camaradealava.com


      Now that you have read about Stative Verbs in English, take a look at our other Grammar posts:
      Grammar: Present Continous
      Grammar: Second Conditional

      English Grammar: Present Continuous

      English Grammar: Present Continuous

      English Grammar: Present Continuous. Both Spanish and English have a Present Continuous verb tense (I’m working / Estoy trabajando) and although their form is similar (verb to be + gerund), they are used differently. In English, we use the Present Continuous for: (1) things happening in the moment, (2) ongoing actions that are happening around the current time (3) annoying habits and (4) future plans.


      The form of Present Continuous is the same in Spanish and English

      • Positive statements
        • Subject + verb to be + gerund
      • Negative statements
        • Subject + verb to be + not + gerund
      • Questions
        • Verb to be + subject + gerund



      • Use present continuous to talk about something you are doing at the moment that you are saying it.
        • I’m writing this blog post right now.
        • I’m looking out the window.
      • NOTE: in Spanish you say ‘te escribo‘ in an email, but in English we say ‘I’m writing…‘ because for us it is something we are doing in that very moment. Learn more here.


      • Present Continuous is also used for ongoing events or temporary situations. I may not be doing them at this very moment, but at this time in my life.
        • I’m learning to paint. (not right now, but I go to a class twice a week)
        • She’s not going to class this month. (She’ll go again next month)


      • Use Present Continuous to show you are annoyed with someone’s habit.
        • You are always watching the TV!
        • He’s always complaining.


      • For definite future plans, we also use present continuous
        • After work I’m going to the gym.
        • Next month we are going to Malaga


      • There are times when in English we use present continuous but in Spanish you use Present Simple.
      • In addition to the examples in the photo on the right, we have the following:
        • What time are you going? ¿A que hora vas?
        • Who are you going with? ¿Con quien vas?
        • I’m attaching the document you requested. Adjunto el documento que me hayas pedido.

      English Grammar

      Now that you have seen English Grammar: Present Continuous, take a look at our other English Grammar posts:
      English Grammar: Second Conditional
      English Grammar: Regret + gerund/infinitive

      English Grammar: Second Conditional

      English Grammar: Second Conditional

      English Grammar: Second Conditional.

      No tengas miedo de la palabra condicional. No es TAN complicado y no es tan diferente en Castellano. Vamos a repasar la forma (la estructura de la frase Second Conditional), el uso (cómo usarla) y algunos ejemplos.

      Don’t be afraid of the word conditional. It’s not THAT complicated and it’s not that different than Spanish. Let’s go through the form (the structure of the a Second Conditional sentence), the use (how to use it) and some examples.


      Second Conditional form
      • Como puedes ver en la foto, utilizamos la cláusula If/Unless con el pasado simple/continuo seguido de una cláusula que utiliza would/could/might + infinitivo.
      • También podemos cambiar el orden de las cláusulas.
        • If I had more time off, I would read more.
        • I would read more if I had more time.
      • En castellano, dónde usamos subjuntivo, en inglés usamos pasado simple/continuo
        • Si tuviera más días libres, leería más.


      • Cuando utilizamos el segundo condicional, estamos hablando de una situación altamente improbable que está ocurriendo ahora o en el futuro.
      • Es importante entender que, aunque utilicemos el tiempo pasado, nos estamos refiriendo a hechos que suceden en el presente o en el futuro.
      • Se entiende de la misma manera en castellano
        • Si tuviera más tiempo (presente, no probable), leería más (presente/futuro).
      Second Conditional use


      Second Conditional example 1
      • Ejemplo #1:
        • Si tuviera 10 millones de dólares, compraría casas en distintos países.
      • Meaning:
        • No tengo 10 millones de dólares (presente), así que no compraré casas en distintos países (futuro)
      • Ejemplo 2:
        • No viviría en Nueva York a menos que tuviera un trabajo bien pagado.
      • Meaning:
        • Hay muy pocas probabilidades de que consiga un trabajo bien pagado (presente), así que no me mudaré a Nueva York (futuro).
      Second Conditional example 2
      Second Conditional example 3
      • Ejemplo #3:
        • Si mi jefe planificara un poco más las reuniones, no serían una pérdida de tiempo (waste of time).
      • Meaning:
        • Es probable que mi jefe no planifique las reuniones (presente), por lo que las reuniones seguirán siendo una pérdida de tiempo (futuro).


      Si quieres ver más sobre English Conditional 1 y 2, haz click aquí para ver nuestro vídeo.

      Cursos inglés

      Si te gustó nuestra explicación de English Grammar: Second Conditional, también ofrecemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades.

      • Business English en grupo y InCompany (online y presencial)
      • Preparación de exámenes A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
      • Conversación
      • Inglés General
      Making requests in English

      Making requests in English

      Making requests in English. It’s true that us Americans are very direct giving answers and advice, however, when we need to request something, we usually take the indirect, more polite route. In Spanish, you would call this ‘haciendo pelota’ (kissing ass in English) but I promise it’s just built into us since childhood.


      A simple request means you ask someone to do something they are expected to complete. The reader needs to comply with the request.

      • Can you call Carol and cancel tomorrow’s meeting please?
      • Would you mind picking Lucia up from school today?

      Sometimes a simple request is more like a reminder.

      • Could you please send me that report I asked for?
      • So, can you drop by after work?


      You have decided to use these phrases as they are the most appropriate for the situation. Now, let’s use them properly.

      CAN / COULD

      Remember that ‘could’ is more polite than ‘can’. This is the only difference between the two words.

      • Can + subject + please + infinitive without to + object
        • Can we please call him?
      • Can + subject + infinitive without to + object + please
        • Can John look for the cat please?
      • Could + subject + please + infintive without to + object
        • Could you pease tell me you name?
      • Could + subject + infinitive without to + object + please
        • Could she stop singing please. I can’t concentrate.


      To learn more about the different uses of the phrase ‘Would you mind?, click here.

      • Would + subject + mind + gerund (+object)
        • Would you mind going? I’m very busy.
        • Would he mind finishing up early tonight?


      When we ask people for favors or big requests, remember to use more polite language or they are less likely to say yes.

      Asking for favors and big requests means that the reader does not need to comply with your request.

      • I was wondering if I could take the day off tomorrow.
      • Do you think Clare might be able to cover me?
      • I was hoping she could give three classes.


      As was the case previously, it is important to know how to properly use these expressions.

      Was/were wondering if…

      Here we are using an indirect question to request something. To learn more about indirect questions, click here.

      • Subject + was/were wondering + if + request (could + infinitive without to + object)
        • I was wondering if you could help me with this project.
        • I was wondering if Joe could take my place.
        • Paul was wondering if Ann could purchase the materials.
        • We were wondering if your team could give us a hand.

      Do you think …

      Here there are two versions. ‘Do you think you could‘, which is less polite than ‘Do you think you might be able to‘. However, both are good options. Since you are asking someone directly, we always start with ‘Do YOU think…’. If you ask ‘Does Carol think … ‘, we are asking someone for their opinion and it is no longer a request.

      • Do you think + person + could + infintive without to (+ object)
        • Do you think you could come over?
        • Do you think that Jennifer could finish my part?
      • Do you think + person + might be able to + infinitive without to (+object)
        • Do you think I might be able to take Monday off?
        • Do you think Martin might be able to do it?

      I was hoping…

      Here we can make a request for ourselves or for someone else. Since this is not a direct question, it may be unclear sometimes that this is a request, but it is!

      • Subject + was hoping (+that) + person + could + infintive without to (+object)
        • I was hoping I could leave early today.
        • Emma was hoping that you could send her the homework.

      Writing Rules

      Now that you have seen Making requests in English, take a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing Rules: C1 Advanced Writing
      Writing Rules: Formal and informal emails

      Cursos inglés

      Si buscas un curso de preparación de exámenes, de Business English o simplemente de conversación, tenemos una oferta amplia. Haz clic aquí para ver nuestros horarios o ponte en contacto con nosotros a través de idiomas@camaradealava.com

      C1 Advanced Writing

      C1 Advanced Writing

      C1 Advanced Writing

      C1 Advanced Writing. In part 2 of the CAE C1 Advanced Cambridge exam, you have the option of choing between writing a report, a letter or email, a review or a proposal. It can be confusing, knowing what to put and where. Here I have reduced the information into categories to help you remember.


      • In reports, remember to add:
        • a title and sub-headings for each paragraph
        • formal or neutral style as reports tend to be for work
        • a beginning that clearly states the reason for writing the report.
        • Finish off the report with a conclusion or a recommendation that specifically addresses the reson for writing the report.


      • In reports, be sure to include:
        • a title and subheadings for each paragraph
        • a formal or neutral style
        • a clear argument that has reasons and examples backing it up. Remember RED.
        • persuasive language which is key to writing the proposal.
      C1 Writing Proposals


      • for letter and emails, be sure to include:
        • the receiver’s name in the correct style (use Mr, Ms, Miss or Mrs + full name for formal letters. Use person’s first name for informal ones.
        • a formal, neutral or informal style depending on who you are writing to.
        • correct openings and closings (Dear, Good Morning, Sincerely, Thanks, etc)


      • For reviews, remember to add:
        • an interesting title
        • formal or neutral style
        • an interesting fact, a question or an antecdote to begin the review in order to capture the reader’s attention
        • your opinion and back it up with clear examples.
        • some factual informal
        • persuasive language if want the reader to do read, listen, shop, etc to what you are writing about.
      C1 Writing Reviews


      I can’t stress enough how important it is to go back and re-read your writing. The most common errors to check for are:

      • Subject-verb agreement (singular or plural)
      • articles (a, the, some)
      • prepositions 
      • use of correct tenses
      • word order 
      • spelling mistakes
      • over-all flow and organization of your writing.


      Now that you have read C1 Advanced Writing, take a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing Rules: Formal and Informal
      Writing Rules: Giving Advice

      English writing: Formal and informal

      English writing: Formal and informal

      English writing: Formal and informal

      English writing: Formal and informal. Truth be told, we are not as formal as you think, especially Americans. Not only that, but if you are still using very formal language with me after we have known each other for some time, I may feel offended. Formal language can be seen as cold and distant. So, I’m not saying forget everything your teachers have taught you, if you need to write a cover letter, a formal complaint or a first email to a new client, formal language is the way to go. But, once you have a relationship, lighten up.


      • Formal: In relation to our previous email…
        • In relation to our previous email, we are willing to reduce the shipping charges.
      • Informal: Just to follow up on our chat…
        • Just to follow up on chat, we are happy to reduce the shipping charge.
      • Formal: I’m writing to inform you…
        • I’m writing to inform you that you have been accepted into the University of Chicago.
      • Informal: Just to let you know…
        • Just to let you know – I got in! I’m going to UofC!
      • Formal: We are delighted to inform you that.
        • We are delighted to inform you that your request has been accepted.
      • Informal: Guess what…
        • Guess what! We just got your package today.


      • Formal: Please find attached
        • Please find attached the documents you requested.
      • Informal: I’m attaching / I’ve attached
        • I’m attaching the documents to asked for.
        • I’ve attached the documents here.


      • Formal: Please take into account…
        • Please take into account that the meeting starts at 10 am.
      • Informal: Don’t forget to…
        • Don’t forget to join the meeting at 10.


      • Formal: I look forward to seeing you on Monday.
      • Informal: See you on Monday. Hope to see you on Monday.

      English Writing

      Now that you have seen English writing: Formal and informal, have a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing Rules: Gerunds that follow to
      Writing Rules: Giving advice

      English: Regret + gerund or infinitive

      English: Regret + gerund or infinitive

      English: Regret + gerund or infinitive

      English: Regret + gerund or infinitive. Again we are reviewing a word whose meaning changes depending on the use of the gerund or infinitve following it. Since regret is a word were we are already sorry about something, we don’t want to use it incorrectly.


      • Use regret + gerund to express that you are sorry about something you have said or done.
        • He really regrets not calling you. (He wishes he had called)
        • My daughter regrets telling her best friend her secret. (She wishes she didn’t tell her)


      • Use regret + infinitive (without to) before giving someone bad news.
        • I regret to tell you that your sister didn’t make it out of surgery. (I’m sorry, but…)
        • We regret to inform you that your payment has not been accepted. (We have bad news…)


      Now that you have read through the explanations, try answering the following sentences with the correct form of the verb. Check your answers at the bottom of the post

      1. We really reget ____ (tell) her that she was sick. I think she would have been better off not knowing.
      2. They regret ____ (lie) about the case because now they can be sued, not because they feel sorry.
      3. I regret ____ (inform) you that your payment is overdue.
      4. The letter stated, ‘We regret ____ (tell) you that you have not been accepted.’
      5. I don’t regret ____ (tell) her the truth. She deserved to know.
      6. Why do you regret ____ (move) here?
      7. On behalf of the airline, I regret ____ (inform) you that this flight is overbooked.
      8. She told me that she regrets ____ (be) my friend.
      9. I don’t regret ____ (inform) them about what happened on the trip.
      10. Do you regret ____ (go) on vacation?


      Now that you have seen English: Regret + gerund or infinitive, have a look at our other Grammar based posts:
      Grammar: remember + gerund or infinitive
      Grammar: transitive and intransitive verbs in less than 5 minutes

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      1. telling
      2. lying
      3. to inform
      4. to tell
      5. telling
      6. moving
      7. to inform
      8. being
      9. informing
      10. going
      Giving advice in English

      Giving advice in English

      Giving advice in English

      Giving advice in English. There are only a few occasions when you should be using ‘have to’ with someone.

      1. You are a parent and you are telling your children what to do (and this concept is debatable)
        • You have to clean your room before you leave this house.
      2. You are telling your friend in an exaggerated way what they need to do because it was fun, exciting, entertaining, etc.
        • You HAVE TO see the last season of Stranger Things!
      3. You are seriously concerned about someone.
        • We have to go to the emergency room now!

      If you are not in one of these three situations, then stop telling people in English what they ‘have to do’. This is a strong statement for us and is usually used for children. So, when speaking or writing to adults, employees, etc, I soften my advice by using some of the following phrases. Why? Because they are adults and can make the best decisions for themselves. And yes! This included employees.


      • A polite way of giving advice to someone
      • 1 Form: Person + recommend/suggest + gerund
        • They recommend printing the file instead of sending it by email.
        • She suggests charging them before sending anything out.
      • 2 Form: Person + recommend/suggest + noun
        • My doctor doesn’t recommend those pills for pain.
        • Lucia suggests the white one because it is lighter.


      • A more polite way to give advice.
      • 1. Form: Person + would recommend/suggest + gerund
        • I would suggest calling the store first to see if it’s still open before you take a ride over there.
        • I wouldn’t recommend eating there. It hasn’t got very good reviews.
      • 2. Form: Person + would recommend/suggest + noun
        • I wouldn’t recommend the beef to anyone. It was not their best dish.
        • I think a doctor would suggest time off for that type of injury.
      • Use the adverbs highly or stongly to give strength to your statement.
        • I would highly recommend checking with your doctor before trying that medication.
        • She would strongly recommend Paul’s garage for any problems you may have with your car.

      IF I WERE YOU…

      • A way of giving advice based on what you would do if you were in their situation.
      • Form: If I were you + I + would + infintive (without to)
        • If I were you, I would finish send the email out before the end of the day.
        • If I were you, I would talk to my boss before jumpling to any conclusions.


      • An inoffensive way of asking what someone has already done.
      • Form: Have you tried + gerund
        • Have you tried turning it on and off again?
        • Have you tried calling their main line and asking to speak to him directly?

      Writing rules

      Now that you have seen Giving advice in English, take a look at out other Writing Rules posts.
      Writing Rules: I’m writing
      Writing Rules: Gerunds that follow to

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      Remember + gerund or infinitive

      Remember + gerund or infinitive

      Remember + gerund or infinitive

      Remember + gerund or infinitive. Remember can be followed by either a geruna or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. It’s important to know the difference


      • Use a gerund after remember to talk about memories or to recall someone or something
        • He remembers wearing a suit but that really all he remembers from that day. (He can recall the memory of wearing the suit).
        • I don’t remember talking to her, but I could be wrong. (Maybe I just forgot that we talked)


      • Use remember + infinitve to express that you have not forgotten to do something
        • I didn’t remember to pay the fee, so we lost the membership. (I forgot to pay the fee).
      • Many times we use remember + infinitive to give a stong suggestion to someone who should not forget to do something.
        • Remember to take an umbrella. It’s going to rain later. (don’t forget your umbrella)


      Fill in the blank with the appropriate form of the verb in parentasis. Then check your answers at the bottom of the post

      1. Did you remember _______ John back about the meeting tomorrow? (call)
      2. I don’t remember ever _______ this city before? (visit)
      3. Doesn’t she remember _______ together as kids when they were younger? (play)
      4. I’m really sorry but I didn’t remember _______ the box from the office. (pick up)
      5. Why doesn’t she ever remember _______ her homework on time? (finish)
      6. Julie doesn’t remember _______ him at the fair. (meet)
      7. Remember _______ your driver’s license this year! (renew)
      8. I remember _______ to the store, but I don’t remember _______ the apples (go, buy)
      9. George, did you remember _______ the paper for the office? (order)
      10. I will always remember _______ it in the future after getting in so much trouble. (buy)


      Now that you have seen Remember + gerund or infinitive, take a look at our other grammar posts:
      Grammar: Would you mind?
      Grammar: Multi Word Verbs


      1. to call
      2. visiting
      3. playing
      4. to pick up
      5. to finish
      6. meeting
      7. to renew
      8. going, buying
      9. to order
      10. to buy
      English emails: I'm writing

      English Emails: I’m writing

      English emails: I’m writing. When writing emails in Spanish, it’s quite common to use Present Simple: I write… However, in English we use Present Continuous to write about something that is happening in the moment. I’m writing this blog post right now, so I use Present Continuous.


      Starting emails

      Since I am writing an email in the moment, we use Present Continuous. To start the email, say:

      • I’m writing you in reference to the conference that is taking place next month.
      • I’m writing you in response to your questions about the fair.


      We can also use the present continuous to talk about an attachment to an email:

      • I’m attaching the documents you requested earlier today.
      • As requested, I’m attaching a copy of the budget.

      Talking about yourself

      Remember, we use Present Continuous to talk about things we are doing in the moment, so if you are talking about something happening now in your life, use present continuous:

      • I’m working a lot right now since I just started a new job.
      • I’m living in a nice apartment about 15 minutes from the center.

      Writing Rules

      Now that you have learned about English Emails: I’m writing, take a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing rules: Gerunds that follow to
      Writing rules: B2 Writing tips: RED

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      English: gerunds that follow to

      English: Gerunds that follow to

      English: gerunds that follow to

      English: gerunds that follow to. Gerunds and Infinitives are always difficult to remember (click here for more on gerunds vs infintives). They are also a large part of the B2 and C1 exams for Cambridge, Oxford, EILTS, EOI and so on. And let’s not forget that we use gerunds and infinitives all the time in geral conversation. So, yes, they are important. But, let’s not forget that sometimes gerunds follow ‘to’ (when functioning as a preposition). Here are just a few of the most common examples.


      • Mostly used at the end of an email but is also in spoken English
        • Looking forward to meeting you (Notice that we do not use the subject here. This is less formal)
        • We are looking forward to working with you. (This is more formal because we use the subject ‘we’)


      English: gerunds that follow to
      • Be used to (estar acostumbrada a). To show that you doing something regularly. It also means that you enjoy it.
        • She’s used to waking up early because he does it every day
      • Get used to (acostubrandose). To show you are trying to make something a habit and enjoy it
        • I’m getting used to living in a small town, but it is still difficult sometimes.
      • Click here for more about these two phrases


      • Committed to and dedicated to both mean that you are willing to give your time and energy to something
        • We have politicians that are very dedicated to cleaning up the city.
        • I am fully committed to doing a good job on the exam.


      • Confessed to means that you have admitted that you have done something wrong.
        • Joe confessed to taking the computer home with him.
      • Get around to doing something means that you have done soemthing you have been wanting to do for a long time.
        • I never got around to learning French.

      Writing rules

      Now that you have seen English: gerunds that follow to, take a look at our other Writing Rules posts:
      Writing Rules: RED
      Writing Rules: Mr., Miss, Mrs, Ms

      Cursos de inglés en Vitoria

      En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava tenemos clases de inglés para todos tus necesidades.

      • Business English / Inglés para negocios
        • InCompany
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      • General English / Inglés general
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