False Friends: career and degree

False Friends: Career and Degree

False Friends: career and degree. Oh how much do we hate those False Friends – the words that sound exactly like a word in a different language but has a different meaning. It sounds like it’s a friend, but it’s not. Curse you False Friends!!!

CAREER – PROFESIÓN / TRAYECTORIA

  • Career in English is a job that you have been doing for a long time (not your university studies)
    • Before her career in social work, she was a banker.
    • He’s finally retiring after a 40 year career in marketing.

DEGREE – CARRERA

  • a qualification given for finishing a university course
  • degree is the correct translation of ‘careera‘ in Spanish.
    • He has a degree in education.
    • Although he got his degree in History, he’s working in politics.

FALSE FRIENDS

Not that you had a look at False Friends: career and degree, have a look at our other False Friends posts:
1. Vocab Rehab: False Friends: Terrific and terrifying
2. Vocab Rehab: False Friends: Suburbs and slums
3. Vocab Rehab: False Friends: Sensitive and Sensible
4. Vocab Rehab: False Friends: Comprehensive and Understanding

Cursos Inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles.

  • Preparación de exámenes de Cambrdige, EOI, Oxford A2 a C2
  • Business English desde A1 a C2
  • Inglés General A1 a C2
  • Cursos de Conversación
English Expression: Kill time

English Expression: Kill time

English Expression: Kill time. Another nice expression that translates perfectly into Spanish: matar tiempo. This makes it easy to remember and use so you can bump up your exam points or impress your boss.

KILL (THE) TIME

  • to do something not important while waiting for someone or something.
    • My flight doesn’t leave for another three hours, so I’m just killing time shopping and buying things I don’t need.
    • You know you always have to wait at the doctor’s office, so take something to kill the time.
    • Yesterday I had to wait for 30 minutes to talk to someone in customer service. Luckily, I was at home and killed time by cooking while I was waiting.

English Expressions

Now that you have learned English Expression: Kill time, take a look at our other Expression Session posts:
Expression Session: waste of time
Expression Session: it is what it is

Cursos Ingles Vitoria

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades. Pincha aquí para recibir más información sobre las clases.

  • Preparación de Examenes de Cambridge, EILTS, Oxford Test of English
  • Business English – grupos presenciales y online
  • Business InCompany – individual o de grupos individualizados para tu empresa
  • Conversation classes
  • Inglés General
English Vocabulary: tenacious

English Vocabulary: tenacious

English Vocabulary: tenacious. There are lots of names for these kinds of people: persistent, tough, annoying. But, when we use the word tenacious, there is a strength behind it. We are talking about someone who won’t stop usually because they believe strongly in something.

TENACIOUS

  • Adjective
  • Someone who doesn’t stop until they achieve what they want.
    • Amnesty International is a tenacious advocate for human rights.
    • She’s a tenacious little girl and doesn’t accept no for an answer.
  • Something that is strong or not persistent.
    • We need to find a more tenacious metal for this project.
    • Julie really has a tenacious memory

TENACITY

  • noun
  • the quality of being very determned.
    • I admire your tenacity for change.
    • He showed a lot of tenacity, but in the end I’m not sure he is going to win.
  • The quality of persisting
    • The company has outlived the other ones out of sheer tenacity.
    • The tenacity of certain stories allow then to be told by each generation.

TANACIOUSLY

  • adverb
  • To achieve something in a tenacious way.
    • Joe is tenaciously battling the lawsuit in court.
    • We tenaciously record every event so that future generations will know what happened.

Cursos de inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades, presencialmente y online.

English Vocabulary

Now that you have read about English Vocabulary: tenacious, take a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: time off
Vocab Rehab: strive

English Expressions: Waste of time

English Expressions: Waste of time

English Expressions: Waste of time. This is the perfect expression to say that something is ‘una perdida de tiempo’. It’s a perfect translation, which doesn’t happen very often.

WASTE TIME

A WASTE OF (SOMEONE’S) TIME (noun phrase)

  • a pointless activity that does not make good use of your time
  • Both examples below have the same meaning. Using someone may give a bit more emphasis to the person.
  • a waste + of + time
    • Having to talk to each person individually is a waste of time.
    • I hate commuting to work every day. It’s a waste of time.
  • a waste + of + someone’s + time
    • Having to talk to each person individually is a waste of their time.
    • I hate commuting to work every day. It’s a waste of my time.

WASTE (SOMEONE’S) TIME (verb phrase)

  • to not use your time correctly
  • to not use the time you have available in a productive way
    • You should be doing your homework and not wasting time playing video games.
    • Don’t waste my time. I have a lot of things to do today.
    • I don’t know why they waste their time calling everyone when they can just send a text message.

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades

English Expressions

Now that you have seen English Expressions: Waste of time, take a look at our other Expression Session posts:
Expression Session: it is what it is
Expression Session: level the playing field

English Vocabulary: Time off

English Vocabulary: Time off

English Vocabulary: Time off. Time off is a way to refer to all types of ‘leaves’ from work without giving too many details. It can refer to medical leave, maternity/paternity leave or simply vacation/holidays.

TIME OFF

  • A period of time that you do not have to go to work due to illness, holiday, permission, etc.
    • She’s going to take some time off after the baby is born.
    • They are taking some time off to get some help for their ageing parents.
    • I was wondering if I could take some time off at the end of the month.

COLLOCATIONS WITH TIME OFF

  • Time off to do something
    • Tom would like to get some time off to relax.
    • More and more fathers are taking time off to care for their children.
  • Time off for something
    • It’s hard to get time off for vacation in the U.S.
    • I wouldn’t want to use my time off for sick days.
  • Time off from something
    • Mary is requesting some time off from her job.
    • An increasing number of people are receiving time off from work due to stress.
  • VERBS USED WITH TIME OFF
    • take
    • have
    • get
    • give
    • be given
    • receive
    • request

English Vocabulary

Now that you have seen English Vocabulary: Time off, take a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: Strive
Vocab Rehab: Bargain

English Vocabulary: strive

English Vocabulary: Strive

English Vocabulary: strive. Strive can be a complicated word to use because it doesn’t actually collocate with a wide variety of words. And although some people may translate it as ‘tratar’ or ‘esforzarse’ in Spanish, it doesn’t actually capture the full meaning of the word. In situations like these, it’s good to see examples and the words that it does collocate with in order to apply the word correctly.

STRIVE

  • to try very hard to achieve or accomplish something
  • strive + infinitve
    • She strives to do her best in everything she does.
    • We are always striving to learn new things to apply at our jobs.
  • strive + for + noun
    • If he continues to strive for perfection, he will wear himself out.
    • Their slogan is ‘Strive for excellence’.

COLLOCATIONS WITH STRIVE

Strive + to + infinitive + something

  • strive to____ something
    • achieve
    • be
    • become
    • (not) die
    • do
    • (not) fail
    • improve
    • (not) lose
    • offer
    • provide
    • succeed at

Strive + for + something

  • strive for ____
    • excellence
    • greatness
    • perfection
    • success

adverb + strive

  • ____ strive
    • always
    • constantly
    • continuously

Vocab Rehab

Now that you’ve seen our post about English Vocabulary: strive, check out our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: bargain
Vocab Rehab: inclusive language

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los necesidades y niveles.

English Expression: It is what it is

English Expression: It is what it is

English Expression: It is what it is. There are those times when you need to say ‘es lo que hay’ and this is the phrase you will need to use in this case.

IT IS WHAT IT IS

  • Used to say that we can not change the situation and that we have to accept it.
  • An expression to say ‘there’s nothing we can do about it now’.
    • If only I knew earlier that it was going to rain. I would have brought the clothes inside. Well, I can’t do anything about it now. It is what it is.
    • It is what it is. He doesn’t want to go to the game. We aren’t going to force him.

Cursos de inglés

Si estás buscando cursos de inglés, tenemos una oferta amplia en la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava. Ponte en contacto con nosotros idiomas@camaradealava.com o llamanos a 945 150 190.

  • Inglés para negocios (niveles A2 a C1)
  • Preparación de exámenes de Cambridge y de Oxford Test of English. Somos centro examinador de Oxford Test of English. Puedes programar un examen hoy para la semana que viene.
  • Inglés general (niveles A1 a C2)
  • Clases de conversación una vez o dos veces a la semana
  • Cursos InCompany para ti y para tu empresa.

English Expressions

Now that you have seen English Expression: It is what it is, have a look at our other Expression Session posts:
Expression Session: level the playing field
Expression Session: turn over a new leaf

English Vocabulary: Bargain

English Vocabulary: Bargain

English Vocabulary: Bargain. You are familiar with the word negotiate, but bargain can also be used to discuss prices in an office or out on the street.

BARGAIN

  • verb
  • to try to convince someone to offer a service or do something for you at a cheaper price.
    • Don’t be afraid to bargain for the price of the clothes.
    • I really don’t feel comfortable bargaining for the price when it is already very cheap.
  • noun
  • something that is sold for less than it’s real value.
    • I got the sofa for a real bargain.
    • We should go shopping this weekend. There are lots of bargains for Christmas.

STRIKE A BARGAIN

  • make a deal
  • come to an agreement about what each party will be doing.
    • The union finally struck a bargain with Michelin and the workers will go back to work next week.
    • It is in their favor to strike a bargain before this gets messy.

Vocab Rehab

Now that you have seen English Vocabulary: Bargain, take a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: inclusive language
Vocab Rehab: spot on

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2

English: Inclusive language

English: Inclusive language

English: Inclusive language

English: Inclusive language. As society evolves, so does language. It’s important to make sure that you are using language that is inclusive and does not discriminate against individuals in and out of the office.

INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE

  • language that does not discriminate
  • language that represents different people in a positive way

GENDER INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE

  • to refer to the male and female workers in your business, use workforce, personnel or staff.
    • There are 200 men and women that make up our worforce.
  • manpower is a sexist word that refers to a time when women did not work. It also sounds as if men are powerful and women are not.
  • Other examples of gender inclusive language includes saying ‘Hello everyone’ instead of ‘Hello guys’ to refer to women and men.
  • please stop calling women over the age of 18, girls. They are women. Calling them a girl sounds as though they are innocent or incapable.
    • Women make up 50% of the Board of Directors.
  • Refering to men and women as female or male staff members/members of staff is also an acceptable,
    • The male members of staff are requesting a new changing room.

Inclusive language for people with disabilities

  • Disabled member of staff or a person with disabilities, although is not a great alternative, it is what we have as of November 2023.
    • If we want to invite Arantxa for lunch, we need to make sure that our house is accessible for someone with a disability.
  • Handicapped and differently-abled were both terms that were used at one point and are no longer seen as positive.
  • Know someone who has a disability? Ask them how they prefered to be called.

Age inclusive language

  • nobody wants to be called old, so stop using this word and use elderly to talk about people over the age of 70.
    • The elderly are often excluded from society.
  • For those staff members who are up in age, try experienced worker, senior worker or senior member of staff.
    • Our senior workers are our most valuable members of staff.

Inclusive language about one’s sexual orientation

  • Don’t asume that the person in front of you is married and that they are to a man or a woman. Instead of asking about their husband or wife, ask about their partner.
  • Don’t asume a man dates a woman and vice versa, ask if they are dating anyone.
  • There exist lots of different ways in which LGBTQ+ liked to be addressed. If you aren’t sure how to address someone, ask them.
  • Again, if you aren’t sure how to address people at work, at a bar or at the dinner table, ask them.

Vocabulary in English

Now that you have seen English: Inclusive language, have a look at our other Vocab Rehab Posts.

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de idiomas de la Camara de Comercio tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades.

English Expression: turn over a new leaf

English Expression: turn over a new leaf

English Expression: turn over a new leaf. This seems like the perfect idiom for this time of year when the leaves on the trees are falling. Turning over a new leaf means starting fresh and changing your behavior.

TURNING OVER A NEW LEAF

  • to say that someone is beginning to behave in a better, kinder way.
  • to behave in a positive way
    • I’m so glad that you spoke to Sarah. She’s really turned over a new leaf and even seems happier in her job.
    • You can’t expect him to just turn over a new leaf if he doesn’t even know that he is behaving poorly. Talk to him.

Expression Session

Now that you have seen English Expression: turn over a new leaf, take a look at our other Expression Session posts:
Expression Session: have skeletons in one’s closet
Expression Session: bear in mind

Cursos de inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos para todos los niveles y necesidades. Para poder inscribirte en un curso o para recibir información, pinche aquí.

  • Cursos para principiantes, nivel A1 y A2, inglés general y de negocios
  • Cursos de preparación de exámenes de niveles A2, B1, B2, C1 y C2
  • Inglés para negocios (grupales, individuales, presencial y online)
  • Conversación, nivel B2, C1, C2
English Expression: Have skeletons in one's closet

English Expression: Have skeletons in one’s closet

English Expression: Have skeletons in one’s closet. It’s Halloween time, so let’s take a look at this very Halloweeny idiom.

HAVE SKELETONS IN ONE’S CLOSET

  • to have a secret about something bad that you have done in the past
    • I’m not sure I trust him. I think he has some skeletons in his closet.
    • We all have skeletons in our closets. I promise I won’t judge you if you tell me them.
  • to have a secret about something embarrassing that happened to you in the past.
    • Don’t bring up all my skeletons in the closet in front of John. It’s too embarrassing.
    • Nobody’s family is perfect. They all have skeletons in the closet.

SKELETONS IN THE CUPBOARD

  • Has the same meaning as skeletons in the closet.
    • I don’t like talking about my skeletons in the cupboard.
    • He never talks about himself. I think he has some skeletons in his cupboard that he doesn’t want to talk about.

Halloween vocabulary

Now that you have seen English Expression: Have skeletons in one’s closet, take a look at our other Halloween-based posts:
How to carve a pumpkin
Vocab Rehab: synonyms for scary
Podcast: off the cuff: Halloween!

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades. Ponte en contacto con nosotros: idiomas@camaradealava.com

English Vocabulary: Spot-on

English Vocabulary: Spot-on

English Vocabulary: Spot-on. Here is one of those words that really doesn’t have a specific translation in Spanish, although there are lots of words you could use in its place. You could say correcto (although correct exists in English), you could say precisamente (althouth precise exists in English). Basically spot–on is a way to say you are exactly right, emphasizing how impressed I am with how accurate something is.

SPOT-ON

  • to describe something that is exactly right
  • used to emphasize surprise at how accurate something is
    • You were spot-on about Josh. He really is generous with everyone.
    • Your predictions about the course were spot-on. The teacher is excellent and I am really enjoying it.
    • Unfortunetly, your predictions about the end of the year sales were spot-on. We will have to lay people off next year.

Cursos inglés Vitoria

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles. Puedes ver todos los cursos aquí. Para poder apuntarse a un grupo, pincha aquí o ponte en contacto con nosotros: idiomas@camaradealava.com, 945 150 190

English Vocabulary

Now that you have seen English Vocabulary: Spot-on, have a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: foresight
Vocab Rehab: sign up

English Expression: Bear in mind

English Expression: Bear in Mind

English Expression: Bear in mind. When speaking to adults, you don’t always want to tell them to ‘Remember…’ or ‘Don’t forget…’. So, instead we can use this nice expression to tell someone to take something into consideration.

BEAR IN MIND

  • to take something into consideration
  • to remember something when you are making a decision.
    • Please bear in mind that you only have 2 weeks to return the product.
    • Before we buy the refrigerator we need to bear in mind that we may also need to buy a wash machine soon.
    • Bearning in mind that she’s so young, she really knows how to play the violin.

KEEP IN MIND

  • this expression is the same as bear in mind.
    • Keep in mind that the plane leaves very late at night.
    • He told me to keep him in mind if we have a job opening.

English Expressions

Now that you have seen English Expression: Bear in mind, take a look at our other Expression Session Posts:
Expression Session: brush up on something
Expression Session: neither here nor there

Cursos Inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Alava tenemos cursos para todos los niveles y necesidades. Para recibir más información sobre los cursos, ponte en contacto con nosotros: idiomas@camaradealava.com, llamar a 945 150 190 o inscribirte aquí.

  • Business English
  • Preparación de Exámenes de Cambridge, EILTS, Oxford Test of English
  • Inglés General
English Vocabulary: foresight

English Vocabulary: foresight

English Vocabulary: foresight. someone who has foresight is not a magician or a fortune teller. It is simply someone who can read a situation, judge what the possible outcomes may be and learns to plan in a way for this situation. Some people may have foresight at work but not with relationships, or vice versa. Other people may be able to see what is going to happen but don’t know how to plan for that situation. Someone with foresight can do both.

HAVE THE FORESIGHT (noun)

  • to have ability to understand a situation and it’s possible outcomes and
  • be able to plan for this situation
    • He had the foresight to leave his job before they went bankrupt.
    • If Carol had the foresight to sell the house before the market crash, she should have had the foresight to save some money as well.

FORESEE (verb)

  • to be able to judge a situation and make plans to deal with it.
    • He didn’t forsee the divorce at all, so he was shocked when his wife told him.
    • They forsaw the war and made plans to leave the country as soon as they could.

(UN)FORESEEABLE (adjective)

  • foreseeable: an event or situation that can be predicted
    • She will be working in the school for the forseeable future.
  • unforseeable: an event or situation that can not be predicted.
    • I lost my job last month, so for the unforseeable future, I will be unemployed.

Vocab Rehab

Now that you have seen English Vocabulary: foresight, have a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: sign up
Vocab Rehab: steal vs rob

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos las necesidades y niveles. Mira nuestras cursos aquí.

English Vocabulary: Sign up

English Vocabulary: sign up

English Vocabulary: sign up. This phrasal verb is a very important one to know. This month you need to SIGN UP for English class, dance class, art class or any other activity that you are hoping to be a part of. My kids always make the mistake of saying to me, ‘Did you inscribirme in the class?’ And I respond, ‘No, I signed you up.’ It’s such a basic phrase, but even they never seem to use it.

SIGN UP

  • Phrasal verb. Learn more about how to use phrasal verbs here.
  • to join or agree to be a part of an activity or event.
    • I signed my daughter up for dance class.
    • Julie signed up for the marathon.

Vocab Rehab

Now that you have learned about English Vocabulary: sign up, take a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: steal vs rob
Vocab Rehab: to be promoted

Cursos inglés

En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades. Puedes mirar nuestros cursos y horarios aquí o pónte en contacto con nosotros a idiomas@camaradealava.com

  • Inglés General A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
  • Inglés para negocios (Business English) A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
  • Preparación de exámenes de Cambridge, Oxford Test of English y EOI
English Vocabulary: steal vs rob

English Vocabulary: steal vs rob

English Vocabulary: steal vs rob. These words have a lot in common, but there is a clear difference.

STEAL

  • irregular verb: steal, stole, stolen
  • take objects from someone or something without their permission.
    • He stole the wallet from my purse.
    • My computer was stolen yesterday at school.

ROB

  • regular verb: rob, robbed, robbed
  • robbery happens to people or places.
    • He robbed me in the bar.
    • They robbed the bank before getting away.

English Vocabulary

Now that you learned about English Vocabulary: steal vs rob, take a look at our other Vocab Rehab posts:
Vocab Rehab: to be promoted
Vocab Rehab: hear vs listen

Cursos inglés en Vitoria

Si quieres certificar tu nivel de inglés, mejorar tus posibilidades de trabajar o simplemente mantener tu nivel, tenemos curos para todos las necesidades y niveles en la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio. Pincha aquí para saber más. Ponte en contacto con nosotros a idiomas@camaradealava.com.

  • Cursos de preparación para los exámenes de Cambridge B2, C1, C2 y Oxford Test of English A2, B1, B2
  • Business English Courses – Cursos para negocios
    • presencial y online
    • InComany – cursos deseñados para ti y tu empresa
  • Inglés de mantenimiento B2, C1 y C2
  • Cursos de inglés general