False Friends: career and degree. Oh how much do we hate those False Friends – the words that sound exactly like a word in a different language but has a different meaning. It sounds like it’s a friend, but it’s not. Curse you False Friends!!!
CAREER – PROFESIÓN / TRAYECTORIA
Career in English is a job that you have been doing for a long time (not your university studies)
Before her career in social work, she was a banker.
He’s finally retiring after a 40 year career in marketing.
DEGREE – CARRERA
a qualification given for finishing a university course
degree is the correct translation of ‘careera‘ in Spanish.
He has a degree in education.
Although he got his degree in History, he’s working in politics.
English Expression: Kill time. Another nice expression that translates perfectly into Spanish: matar tiempo. This makes it easy to remember and use so you can bump up your exam points or impress your boss.
KILL (THE) TIME
to do something not important while waiting for someone or something.
My flight doesn’t leave for another three hours, so I’m just killing time shopping and buying things I don’t need.
You know you always have to wait at the doctor’s office, so take something to kill the time.
Yesterday I had to wait for 30 minutes to talk to someone in customer service. Luckily, I was at home and killed time by cooking while I was waiting.
English Vocabulary: tenacious. There are lots of names for these kinds of people: persistent, tough, annoying. But, when we use the word tenacious, there is a strength behind it. We are talking about someone who won’t stop usually because they believe strongly in something.
Someone who doesn’t stop until they achieve what they want.
Amnesty International is a tenacious advocate for human rights.
She’s a tenacious little girl and doesn’t accept no for an answer.
Something that is strong or not persistent.
We need to find a more tenacious metal for this project.
Julie really has a tenacious memory
the quality of being very determned.
I admire your tenacity for change.
He showed a lot of tenacity, but in the end I’m not sure he is going to win.
The quality of persisting
The company has outlived the other ones out of sheer tenacity.
The tenacity of certain stories allow then to be told by each generation.
To achieve something in a tenacious way.
Joe is tenaciously battling the lawsuit in court.
We tenaciously record every event so that future generations will know what happened.
Cursos de inglés
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades, presencialmente y online.
English Vocabulary: Time off. Time off is a way to refer to all types of ‘leaves’ from work without giving too many details. It can refer to medical leave, maternity/paternity leave or simply vacation/holidays.
A period of time that you do not have to go to work due to illness, holiday, permission, etc.
She’s going to take some time off after the baby is born.
They are taking some time off to get some help for their ageing parents.
English Vocabulary: strive. Strive can be a complicated word to use because it doesn’t actually collocate with a wide variety of words. And although some people may translate it as ‘tratar’ or ‘esforzarse’ in Spanish, it doesn’t actually capture the full meaning of the word. In situations like these, it’s good to see examples and the words that it does collocate with in order to apply the word correctly.
to try very hard to achieve or accomplish something
strive + infinitve
She strives to do her best in everything she does.
We are always striving to learn new things to apply at our jobs.
strive + for + noun
If he continues to strive for perfection, he will wear himself out.
English Expression: It is what it is. There are those times when you need to say ‘es lo que hay’ and this is the phrase you will need to use in this case.
IT IS WHAT IT IS
Used to say that we can not change the situation and that we have to accept it.
An expression to say ‘there’s nothing we can do about it now’.
If only I knew earlier that it was going to rain. I would have brought the clothes inside. Well, I can’t do anything about it now. It is what it is.
It is what it is. He doesn’t want to go to the game. We aren’t going to force him.
Cursos de inglés
Si estás buscando cursos de inglés, tenemos una oferta amplia en la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava. Ponte en contacto con nosotros email@example.com o llamanos a 945 150 190.
Inglés para negocios (niveles A2 a C1)
Preparación de exámenes de Cambridge y de Oxford Test of English. Somos centro examinador de Oxford Test of English. Puedes programar un examen hoy para la semana que viene.
Inglés general (niveles A1 a C2)
Clases de conversación una vez o dos veces a la semana
English: Inclusive language. As society evolves, so does language. It’s important to make sure that you are using language that is inclusive and does not discriminate against individuals in and out of the office.
language that does not discriminate
language that represents different people in a positive way
GENDER INCLUSIVE LANGUAGE
to refer to the male and female workers in your business, use workforce, personnel or staff.
There are 200 men and women that make up our worforce.
manpower is a sexist word that refers to a time when women did not work. It also sounds as if men are powerful and women are not.
Other examples of gender inclusive language includes saying ‘Hello everyone’ instead of ‘Hello guys’ to refer to women and men.
please stop calling women over the age of 18, girls. They are women. Calling them a girl sounds as though they are innocent or incapable.
Women make up 50% of the Board of Directors.
Refering to men and women as female or male staff members/members of staff is also an acceptable,
The male members of staff are requesting a new changing room.
Inclusive language for people with disabilities
Disabled member of staff or a person with disabilities, although is not a great alternative, it is what we have as of November 2023.
If we want to invite Arantxa for lunch, we need to make sure that our house is accessible for someone with a disability.
Handicapped and differently-abled were both terms that were used at one point and are no longer seen as positive.
Know someone who has a disability? Ask them how they prefered to be called.
Age inclusive language
nobody wants to be called old, so stop using this word and use elderly to talk about people over the age of 70.
The elderly are often excluded from society.
For those staff members who are up in age, try experienced worker, senior worker or senior member of staff.
Our senior workers are our most valuable members of staff.
Inclusive language about one’s sexual orientation
Don’t asume that the person in front of you is married and that they are to a man or a woman. Instead of asking about their husband or wife, ask about their partner.
Don’t asume a man dates a woman and vice versa, ask if they are dating anyone.
There exist lots of different ways in which LGBTQ+ liked to be addressed. If you aren’t sure how to address someone, ask them.
Again, if you aren’t sure how to address people at work, at a bar or at the dinner table, ask them.
Vocabulary in English
Now that you have seen English: Inclusive language, have a look at our other Vocab Rehab Posts.
En la Escuela de idiomas de la Camara de Comercio tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades.
English Expression: turn over a new leaf. This seems like the perfect idiom for this time of year when the leaves on the trees are falling. Turning over a new leaf means starting fresh and changing your behavior.
TURNING OVER A NEW LEAF
to say that someone is beginning to behave in a better, kinder way.
to behave in a positive way
I’m so glad that you spoke to Sarah. She’s really turned over a new leaf and even seems happier in her job.
You can’t expect him to just turn over a new leaf if he doesn’t even know that he is behaving poorly. Talk to him.
English Vocabulary: Spot-on. Here is one of those words that really doesn’t have a specific translation in Spanish, although there are lots of words you could use in its place. You could say correcto (although correct exists in English), you could say precisamente (althouth precise exists in English). Basically spot–on is a way to say you are exactly right, emphasizing how impressed I am with how accurate something is.
to describe something that is exactly right
used to emphasize surprise at how accurate something is
You were spot-on about Josh. He really is generous with everyone.
Your predictions about the course were spot-on. The teacher is excellent and I am really enjoying it.
Unfortunetly, your predictions about the end of the year sales were spot-on. We will have to lay people off next year.
Cursos inglés Vitoria
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todas las necesidades y niveles. Puedes ver todos los cursos aquí. Para poder apuntarse a un grupo, pincha aquí o ponte en contacto con nosotros: firstname.lastname@example.org, 945 150 190
English Expression: Bear in mind. When speaking to adults, you don’t always want to tell them to ‘Remember…’ or ‘Don’t forget…’. So, instead we can use this nice expression to tell someone to take something into consideration.
BEAR IN MIND
to take something into consideration
to remember something when you are making a decision.
Please bear in mind that you only have 2 weeks to return the product.
Before we buy the refrigerator we need to bear in mind that we may also need to buy a wash machine soon.
Bearning in mind that she’s so young, she really knows how to play the violin.
KEEP IN MIND
this expression is the same as bear in mind.
Keep in mind that the plane leaves very late at night.
He told me to keep him in mind if we have a job opening.
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Alava tenemos cursos para todos los niveles y necesidades. Para recibir más información sobre los cursos, ponte en contacto con nosotros: email@example.com, llamar a 945 150 190 o inscribirte aquí.
Preparación de Exámenes de Cambridge, EILTS, Oxford Test of English
English Vocabulary: foresight. someone who has foresight is not a magician or a fortune teller. It is simply someone who can read a situation, judge what the possible outcomes may be and learns to plan in a way for this situation. Some people may have foresight at work but not with relationships, or vice versa. Other people may be able to see what is going to happen but don’t know how to plan for that situation. Someone with foresight can do both.
HAVE THE FORESIGHT (noun)
to have ability to understand a situation and it’s possible outcomes and
be able to plan for this situation
He had the foresight to leave his job before they went bankrupt.
If Carol had the foresight to sell the house before the market crash, she should have had the foresight to save some money as well.
to be able to judge a situation and make plans to deal with it.
He didn’t forsee the divorce at all, so he was shocked when his wife told him.
They forsaw the war and made plans to leave the country as soon as they could.
foreseeable: an event or situation that can be predicted
She will be working in the school for the forseeable future.
unforseeable: an event or situation that can not be predicted.
I lost my job last month, so for the unforseeable future, I will be unemployed.
English Vocabulary: sign up. This phrasal verb is a very important one to know. This month you need to SIGN UP for English class, dance class, art class or any other activity that you are hoping to be a part of. My kids always make the mistake of saying to me, ‘Did you inscribirme in the class?’ And I respond, ‘No, I signed you up.’ It’s such a basic phrase, but even they never seem to use it.
Phrasal verb. Learn more about how to use phrasal verbs here.
to join or agree to be a part of an activity or event.
En la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio de Alava, tenemos cursos de inglés para todos los niveles y necesidades. Puedes mirar nuestros cursos y horarios aquí o pónte en contacto con nosotros a firstname.lastname@example.org
Inglés General A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
Inglés para negocios (Business English) A2, B1, B2, C1, C2
Preparación de exámenes de Cambridge, Oxford Test of English y EOI
Si quieres certificar tu nivel de inglés, mejorar tus posibilidades de trabajar o simplemente mantener tu nivel, tenemos curos para todos las necesidades y niveles en la Escuela de Idiomas de la Cámara de Comercio. Pincha aquí para saber más. Ponte en contacto con nosotros a email@example.com.
Cursos de preparación para los exámenes de Cambridge B2, C1, C2 y Oxford Test of English A2, B1, B2